Episode 148 | TBN

Episode 148

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November 22, 2019
27:36

The Watchman with Erick Stakelbeck

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Episode 148

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  • - ERICK STAKELBECK: THIS WEEK ON "THE WATCHMAN", WELCOME TO
  • 00:00:01.290 --> 00:00:03.270
  • ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL AND STUNNING
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  • DESERT LANDSCAPES YOU WILL EVER SEE.
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  • THIS IS TIMNA PARK AND SOME 3300 YEARS AGO,
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  • DURING THE TIME OF MOSES AND THE EXODUS,
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  • THIS PLACE WAS USED BY PHARAOH
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  • TO BUILD UP HIS MIGHTY EGYPTIAN EMPIRE,
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  • BUT THE OPPOSITE HAPPENED.
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  • A NEW DYNASTY WAS DESTINED TO RISE UP
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  • RIGHT HERE IN ISRAEL.
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  • ELLIOT CHODOFF IS BACK TODAY
  • 00:00:29.080 --> 00:00:31.030
  • TO BRING YOU THE INSIDE STORY
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  • ONLY RIGHT HERE ON "THE WATCHMAN."
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  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
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  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
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  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
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  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
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  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
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  • - WELL, ELLIOT, WE ARE IN A PLACE RIGHT NOW
  • 00:01:30.210 --> 00:01:32.090
  • THAT HAS SOME OF THE MOST STUNNING LANDSCAPES
  • 00:01:32.110 --> 00:01:34.160
  • I HAVE EVER SEEN IN MY LIFE.
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  • WHAT IS THIS PLACE AND WHY ARE WE HERE?
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  • - WE'RE IN TIMNA PARK, ON THE SOUTHERN END OF THE NEGEV.
  • 00:01:39.240 --> 00:01:44.020
  • MAYBE WE SHOULD PLACE OURSELVES.
  • 00:01:44.040 --> 00:01:45.210
  • WE CAN SEE JORDAN OFF TO THE EAST,
  • 00:01:45.230 --> 00:01:48.080
  • THE MOUNTAINS OF EDOM, THE JORDANIAN BORDER
  • 00:01:48.100 --> 00:01:50.290
  • DOWN AT THE BOTTOM OF THAT SLOPE.
  • 00:01:51.010 --> 00:01:52.220
  • - EDOM MEANING THE EDOMITES FROM THE BIBLE.
  • 00:01:52.240 --> 00:01:54.260
  • - YES, FROM THIS AREA TO THE SOUTH.
  • 00:01:54.280 --> 00:01:57.080
  • MIDIAN, FURTHER TO THE SOUTH, BIBLICAL MIDIAN.
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  • THAT VALLEY CONTINUES TO EILAT, ISRAEL'S SOUTHERNMOST CITY.
  • 00:02:01.160 --> 00:02:06.140
  • BACK HERE OVER THE MOUNTAINS, NOT TOO FAR AWAY,
  • 00:02:06.160 --> 00:02:08.130
  • THE EGYPTIAN BORDER WITH SINAI.
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  • REMEMBER, WE'RE IN THAT NARROW V COMING DOWN
  • 00:02:10.080 --> 00:02:13.010
  • TO THE BOTTOM OF THE SOUTHERN TIP OF ISRAEL.
  • 00:02:13.030 --> 00:02:15.040
  • - NEAR THE RED SEA.
  • 00:02:15.060 --> 00:02:16.140
  • - NEAR THE RED SEA, THE GULF OF EILAT, GULF OF AQABA.
  • 00:02:16.160 --> 00:02:19.280
  • AND THIS PARK IS IN A VALLEY AND, REALLY,
  • 00:02:20.000 --> 00:02:21.270
  • ASIDE FROM THE BEAUTY AND JUST THE NATURAL BEAUTY,
  • 00:02:21.290 --> 00:02:24.230
  • - STUNNING.
  • 00:02:24.250 --> 00:02:26.020
  • - OF ALL OF IT, I WOULD SAY THE CLAIM TO FAME
  • 00:02:26.040 --> 00:02:27.190
  • OF THIS PLACE, HISTORICALLY, IS THAT
  • 00:02:27.210 --> 00:02:31.200
  • THERE'S COPPER HERE, COPPER ORE,
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  • WHICH WAS DISCOVERED SOME 5000 YEARS AGO,
  • 00:02:34.020 --> 00:02:36.230
  • BUT REALLY DEVELOPED AND WORKED BY THE EGYPTIANS
  • 00:02:36.250 --> 00:02:40.110
  • SOME 3300 YEARS AGO AND WE'LL BE SEEING
  • 00:02:40.130 --> 00:02:43.220
  • SOME OF THE MINES.
  • 00:02:43.240 --> 00:02:45.040
  • - YEAH, WE'RE GONNA GO INTO THOSE MINES.
  • 00:02:45.060 --> 00:02:47.090
  • AND THAT WAS ROUGHLY AROUND THE PERIOD
  • 00:02:47.110 --> 00:02:48.270
  • OF PHARAOH, FROM THE BIBLE, AND THE TIME OF MOSES.
  • 00:02:48.290 --> 00:02:51.160
  • - YES, AROUND--
  • 00:02:51.180 --> 00:02:52.230
  • - WHERE EGYPT WAS A REAL POWER IN THIS REGION.
  • 00:02:52.250 --> 00:02:54.070
  • - EXACTLY, IT WAS AROUND THE TIME,
  • 00:02:54.090 --> 00:02:56.010
  • GIVE OR TAKE A CENTURY, OF THE EXODUS.
  • 00:02:56.030 --> 00:03:00.170
  • SO, YEAH, EGYPT, A REGIONAL POWER FOR SURE.
  • 00:03:00.190 --> 00:03:04.020
  • AND THEY EXTEND OUT HERE AND, I THINK IT'S
  • 00:03:04.040 --> 00:03:08.000
  • IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND, EGYPT, THIS DOESN'T BECOME EGYPT.
  • 00:03:08.020 --> 00:03:11.080
  • IT BECOMES PART OF EGYPTIAN INFLUENCE.
  • 00:03:11.100 --> 00:03:13.220
  • THEY ESTABLISH A MASSIVE MINING, COPPER MINING INDUSTRY HERE
  • 00:03:13.240 --> 00:03:18.220
  • TO SHIP BACK TO EGYPT.
  • 00:03:18.240 --> 00:03:20.280
  • LATER ON, A FEW HUNDRED YEARS LATER,
  • 00:03:21.000 --> 00:03:23.020
  • SOLOMON WILL WORK HIS WAY DOWN HERE AND DO THE SAME.
  • 00:03:23.040 --> 00:03:26.050
  • THE EGYPTIANS WILL RETREAT A LITTLE BIT FURTHER AWAY.
  • 00:03:26.070 --> 00:03:29.100
  • - AS THE DAVIDIC DYNASTY RISES.
  • 00:03:29.120 --> 00:03:31.100
  • - RISES AND PUSHES THEM BACK.
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  • - YEAH, AND ELLIOT, YOU MENTIONED, WE'RE IN THE NEGEV.
  • 00:03:32.250 --> 00:03:35.130
  • FOR FOLKS AT HOME, SO YOU KNOW, THAT MEANS
  • 00:03:35.150 --> 00:03:37.070
  • WE'RE IN THE DESERT.
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  • IT'S THE NEGEV DESERT, IT'S HOT.
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  • IT'S ABOUT 106F, BUT A STARK BEAUTY OUT HERE.
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  • - YEAH, NEGEV ACTUALLY MEANS DRY.
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  • IT'S NOT JUST HOT, BUT YOU CAN SEE.
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  • - I CAN SEE AND FEEL WHY.
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  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
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  • - SO, OKAY, THE EGYPTIANS HAVE,
  • 00:03:50.030 --> 00:03:52.020
  • THIS IS A MAJOR SOURCE OF REVENUE FOR THEM
  • 00:03:52.040 --> 00:03:55.020
  • WITH THE COPPER MINING.
  • 00:03:55.040 --> 00:03:56.150
  • THEN, YOU MENTION THE RISE OF THAT DAVIDIC DYNASTY.
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  • WHAT COMES NEXT HERE IN TIMNA PARK?
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  • - WELL, SOLOMON COMES AND CONTINUES
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  • AND HERE, ALSO, I THINK, IMPORTANT FOR US TO UNDERSTAND,
  • 00:04:04.170 --> 00:04:08.170
  • WHILE ALL THIS IS GOING ON,
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  • THE ISRAELITES KNOW THAT THERE'S COPPER DOWN HERE
  • 00:04:10.240 --> 00:04:14.270
  • BECAUSE THEY'VE LEARNED IT.
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  • IN OTHER WORDS, IT'S NOT, IT'S ANCIENT TIMES,
  • 00:04:16.080 --> 00:04:18.280
  • BUT PEOPLE TRAVEL, THEY'RE TALKING.
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  • THEY DON'T HAVE INTERNET, BUT THERE'S COMMUNICATION.
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  • AS THE EGYPTIANS WITHDRAW WITH THE DEFEAT
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  • OF THE PHILISTINES, FURTHER BACK,
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  • SORT OF ACROSS THE DESERT, SO THE SOLOMONIC KINGDOM
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  • PUSHES DOWN INTO THIS AREA,
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  • AND IT BEGINS TO EXPLOIT THE COPPER ORE DOWN HERE AS WELL.
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  • - SO THIS IS ALMOST THE SOUTHERNMOST POINT
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  • OF SOLOMON'S KINGDOM?
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  • - THE SOUTHERNMOST POINT OF THE INFLUENCE
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  • OF THE KINGDOM, I WOULD SAY.
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  • - GOTCHA. - OKAY.
  • 00:04:48.280 --> 00:04:50.090
  • - SO THIS WAS DEFINITELY A SOLOMONIC,
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  • SPHERE OF INFLUENCE UNDER KING SOLOMON.
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  • - YEAH, EXACTLY. - WOW.
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  • AND THIS STRETCHES, AS YOU WERE SAYING,
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  • PRETTY FAR SOUTH.
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  • WE'RE HOURS FROM JERUSALEM.
  • 00:04:58.030 --> 00:04:59.180
  • - YES, WE'RE HOURS FROM JERUSALEM
  • 00:04:59.200 --> 00:05:01.040
  • AND THROUGH THE DESERT AND THAT'S CRITICAL TO UNDERSTAND
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  • BECAUSE, TO EXTEND OUT HERE ALSO
  • 00:05:04.170 --> 00:05:07.160
  • REQUIRES A GREAT DEAL OF POWER.
  • 00:05:07.180 --> 00:05:09.060
  • - YES, AND THAT DYNASTY UNDER DAVID
  • 00:05:09.080 --> 00:05:12.070
  • AND ESPECIALLY UNDER SOLOMON GREW IN POWER
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  • AND INFLUENCE ACROSS THIS REGION.
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  • - RIGHT, UNTIL THE SPLIT, OF COURSE.
  • 00:05:16.010 --> 00:05:17.200
  • - YEAH, OF COURSE.
  • 00:05:17.220 --> 00:05:19.000
  • WELL, WE HAVE SO MUCH AMAZING GEOLOGY HERE
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  • AND, JUST, NATURAL FORMATIONS.
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  • I SEE THE HAND OF GOD HERE, THE AMAZING BEAUTY, ELLIOT,
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  • BUT WE ALSO HAVE SOME MAN-MADE STRUCTURES HERE,
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  • ANCIENT MAN-MADE STRUCTURES FROM SOME 3300 YEARS AGO
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  • THAT WE'RE GONNA TAKE A LOOK AT RIGHT NOW,
  • 00:05:36.030 --> 00:05:38.270
  • AND WE'RE TALKING EGYPT A LITTLE BIT HERE, RIGHT?
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  • - CORRECT.
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  • - LEAD THE WAY, MY FRIEND.
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  • [MIDDLE EASTERN MUSIC]
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  • [MIDDLE EASTERN MUSIC]
  • 00:05:56.110 --> 00:06:05.060
  • SO ELLIOT, YOU MENTIONED THAT THERE WAS
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  • A HEAVY EGYPTIAN PRESENCE HERE.
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  • - YES.
  • 00:06:09.140 --> 00:06:10.200
  • - NOW, THE EGYPTIANS, AS WE KNOW FROM THE BIBLE,
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  • WORSHIPED MANY PAGAN DEITIES.
  • 00:06:11.240 --> 00:06:14.000
  • - YES, THEY DID.
  • 00:06:14.020 --> 00:06:15.070
  • - AND THIS WAS ONE OF THEIR CENTERS OF WORSHIP
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  • FOR THOSE WORKERS IN THOSE COPPER MINES THAT YOU MENTIONED.
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  • - THAT'S RIGHT, FOR THE WORKERS AND FOR THE OVERSEERS.
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  • THEY MAY NOT HAVE CARED MUCH ABOUT THE WORKERS,
  • 00:06:22.150 --> 00:06:24.210
  • BUT YES, THIS WAS A, ACTUALLY A COMBINED
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  • EGYPTIAN AND MIDIANITE TEMPLE, BUT PRIMARILY EGYPTIAN.
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  • ITS CORE WAS EGYPTIAN AND THE PLACEMENT HERE,
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  • POSSIBLY HAD TO DO WITH FACING THE EAST,
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  • HAVING THE SUN RISE INTO IT.
  • 00:06:41.220 --> 00:06:43.150
  • WE CAN SEE IT LATE IN THE DAY, IT'S NICELY SHADED.
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  • THE EGYPTIANS HAD THAT SENSE.
  • 00:06:46.180 --> 00:06:48.290
  • AND UP ON THE CLIFF ABOVE ON THE FACE IS
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  • AN ENGRAVING OF THE GODDESS, HATHOR,
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  • WITH THE WORSHIPER PRESENTING HER WITH A PRESENT.
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  • THAT WAS REALLY THE HOLY SPOT.
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  • IN OTHER WORDS, THEY WORSHIPED HERE,
  • 00:07:03.270 --> 00:07:06.190
  • BUT THEY WORSHIPED TO HER PICTURE UP THERE.
  • 00:07:06.210 --> 00:07:09.280
  • - WOW, AND THIS IS ABOUT 3300 YEARS AGO
  • 00:07:10.000 --> 00:07:12.180
  • DURING THE TIME OF THE EXODUS
  • 00:07:12.200 --> 00:07:14.100
  • OR NEAR, AROUND THAT TIME.
  • 00:07:14.120 --> 00:07:15.120
  • - EXACTLY, WE'RE STANDING IN A PLACE THAT
  • 00:07:15.140 --> 00:07:18.030
  • WAS BEING USED WHILE THE ISRAELITES
  • 00:07:18.050 --> 00:07:21.180
  • WERE SLAVES IN EGYPT.
  • 00:07:21.200 --> 00:07:23.110
  • - WOW, AND IT WAS BEING USED BY SLAVES HERE
  • 00:07:23.130 --> 00:07:26.140
  • AND THEIR OVERSEERS, AND YOU WONDER
  • 00:07:26.160 --> 00:07:28.020
  • IF ANY HEBREW SLAVES WERE BROUGHT HERE, RIGHT?
  • 00:07:28.040 --> 00:07:29.170
  • - EXACTLY, I WAS JUST GONNA SAY,
  • 00:07:29.190 --> 00:07:30.240
  • WE HAVE NO RECORD OF IT, BUT IF THEY HAD SLAVES
  • 00:07:30.260 --> 00:07:34.100
  • AND WE KNOW THAT THE ISRAELITES WERE SLAVES,
  • 00:07:34.120 --> 00:07:36.200
  • IT'S ENTIRELY POSSIBLE THAT SOME OF THEM
  • 00:07:36.220 --> 00:07:38.280
  • WERE BROUGHT OUT HERE.
  • 00:07:39.000 --> 00:07:40.100
  • - AND THEY WORKED THESE COPPER MINES,
  • 00:07:40.120 --> 00:07:41.200
  • WHICH WE'LL SEE IN A SECOND.
  • 00:07:41.220 --> 00:07:43.120
  • PHARAOH WAS A NASTY NASTY MAN,
  • 00:07:43.140 --> 00:07:45.230
  • - YES, HE WAS.
  • 00:07:45.250 --> 00:07:46.260
  • - AND CONQUERED A LOT OF TERRITORIES.
  • 00:07:46.280 --> 00:07:47.250
  • SO THERE WERE SLAVES, I ASSUME,
  • 00:07:47.270 --> 00:07:49.120
  • FROM ALL OVER THE REGION,
  • 00:07:49.140 --> 00:07:50.150
  • AFRICA, THE MIDDLE EAST COMING HERE.
  • 00:07:50.170 --> 00:07:52.090
  • - FROM THIS AREA, THAT'S WHY I SAY,
  • 00:07:52.110 --> 00:07:53.290
  • I SAY IT WITH A QUESTION MARK, IT'S A POSSIBILITY.
  • 00:07:54.010 --> 00:07:56.290
  • THERE'S NO EVIDENCE ONE WAY OR THE OTHER.
  • 00:07:57.010 --> 00:07:58.090
  • LOGIC WOULD SAY, THEY PROBABLY DIDN'T BRING THEM
  • 00:07:58.110 --> 00:08:00.230
  • ALL THE WAY FROM EGYPT TO HERE.
  • 00:08:00.250 --> 00:08:01.230
  • THEY USED MORE LOCAL CAPTIVES.
  • 00:08:01.250 --> 00:08:04.190
  • KEEPING IN MIND ALSO, BEING A SLAVE,
  • 00:08:04.210 --> 00:08:07.120
  • AND WE KNOW THIS FROM SCRIPTURE
  • 00:08:07.140 --> 00:08:09.080
  • AND THE WAY THEY TREATED THE HEBREW SLAVES,
  • 00:08:09.100 --> 00:08:10.270
  • KILLING A SLAVE WAS NO BIG DEAL.
  • 00:08:10.290 --> 00:08:12.090
  • AS FAR AS THEY WERE CONCERNED, WHETHER IT WAS
  • 00:08:12.110 --> 00:08:14.240
  • THE EGYPTIAN BEATING THE SLAVE THAT MOSES SAVES
  • 00:08:14.260 --> 00:08:16.290
  • IN THE BEGINNING OF EXODUS OF JUST WORKING THEM TO DEATH.
  • 00:08:17.010 --> 00:08:21.120
  • - YEAH, I MEAN, IF YOU WANT TO WORK SOMEONE TO DEATH,
  • 00:08:21.140 --> 00:08:23.180
  • ELLIOT, THIS IS THE PLACE TO DO IT.
  • 00:08:23.200 --> 00:08:25.120
  • - ABSOLUTELY.
  • 00:08:25.140 --> 00:08:26.250
  • - YOU'RE IN THE MIDDLE OF A HARSH, UNFORGIVING TERRAIN
  • 00:08:26.270 --> 00:08:29.040
  • HERE IN THE NEGEV DESERT.
  • 00:08:29.060 --> 00:08:30.190
  • IT GETS UP TO 110F IN THE SHADE.
  • 00:08:30.210 --> 00:08:34.000
  • SO IF YOU WANT TO WORK SOMEONE TO DEATH,
  • 00:08:34.020 --> 00:08:36.290
  • THIS IS THE PLACE TO DO IT.
  • 00:08:37.010 --> 00:08:38.090
  • WE'RE SURE THAT HAPPENED AND, YOU KNOW,
  • 00:08:38.110 --> 00:08:40.030
  • YOU HAD THIS PAGAN WORSHIP GOING ON HERE
  • 00:08:40.050 --> 00:08:42.010
  • AND IT'S INCREDIBLY WELL PRESERVED
  • 00:08:42.030 --> 00:08:43.230
  • AS WE LOOK AS THESE ANCIENT BOWLS AND--
  • 00:08:43.250 --> 00:08:45.250
  • - YES.
  • 00:08:45.270 --> 00:08:47.020
  • - BUT, PHARAOH'S GODS FAILED HIM MISERABLY
  • 00:08:47.040 --> 00:08:50.140
  • IN HIS CONFRONTATION WITH THE ISRAELITES, THANK GOD.
  • 00:08:50.160 --> 00:08:54.030
  • - YES, THEY DID AND, LET'S BE SERIOUS,
  • 00:08:54.050 --> 00:08:57.270
  • FOR MILLENNIA, THIS HAS BEEN AN ABANDONED PLACE.
  • 00:08:57.290 --> 00:09:02.200
  • IT'S ONLY WITH THE RETURN OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE
  • 00:09:02.220 --> 00:09:05.000
  • TO THE LAND OF ISRAEL THAT WE CAN LOOK UPON THIS PLACE
  • 00:09:05.020 --> 00:09:08.100
  • AND SAY, YOU KNOW WHAT, THEY WERE HERE.
  • 00:09:08.120 --> 00:09:10.150
  • OKAY, SO THEY WERE, NOW IT'S OURS.
  • 00:09:10.170 --> 00:09:13.230
  • - AND WE'RE BACK.
  • 00:09:13.250 --> 00:09:14.190
  • - YES, WE ARE.
  • 00:09:14.210 --> 00:09:15.210
  • - AND ELLIOT, AS YOU SAID, THIS PLACE
  • 00:09:15.230 --> 00:09:16.280
  • LIED DORMANT FOR ABOUT 2000 YEARS
  • 00:09:17.000 --> 00:09:19.110
  • UNTIL THE JEWISH PEOPLE RETURNED.
  • 00:09:19.130 --> 00:09:20.250
  • SO EXCITING TO BE ABLE TO WALK THIS LAND AGAIN.
  • 00:09:20.270 --> 00:09:22.230
  • - ABSOLUTELY, AND THE TIMNA VALLEY IS BASICALLY
  • 00:09:22.250 --> 00:09:26.050
  • A DEAD END, SO ABANDONED HERE IS IN THE REAL SENSE
  • 00:09:26.070 --> 00:09:30.110
  • BECAUSE, YEAH, THERE ARE PARTS OF IT
  • 00:09:30.130 --> 00:09:32.190
  • THAT HAD SOME CARAVANS GOING THROUGH,
  • 00:09:32.210 --> 00:09:34.240
  • BUT THIS IS NOT A NATURAL CARAVAN ROUTE.
  • 00:09:34.260 --> 00:09:37.040
  • THERE ARE OTHER, BETTER VALLEYS.
  • 00:09:37.060 --> 00:09:40.120
  • SO, ABANDONED FOR REAL, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT,
  • 00:09:40.140 --> 00:09:43.210
  • NOTHING IS GOING ON HERE.
  • 00:09:43.230 --> 00:09:45.070
  • - DESOLATE, YOU CAN HEAR A PIN DROP HERE.
  • 00:09:45.090 --> 00:09:47.260
  • THE SOUND OF OUR VOICES IS THE ONLY SOUND HERE
  • 00:09:47.280 --> 00:09:50.190
  • FOR MILES AND MILES AWAY.
  • 00:09:50.210 --> 00:09:51.290
  • - AND IT'S, PARADOXICALLY, IT'S ONLY WHEN
  • 00:09:52.010 --> 00:09:56.020
  • THE JEWISH PEOPLE RETURNED TO THEIR HOMELAND,
  • 00:09:56.040 --> 00:09:58.010
  • THAT WE CAN ACTUALLY LOOK AT AN EGYPTIAN TEMPLE
  • 00:09:58.030 --> 00:10:00.160
  • FROM 3000 PLUS YEARS AGO AND SAY, OKAY,
  • 00:10:00.180 --> 00:10:03.140
  • THEY WERE HERE, BUT NOW WE'RE HERE.
  • 00:10:03.160 --> 00:10:05.160
  • - THAT'S RIGHT, AND RIGHT NOW,
  • 00:10:05.180 --> 00:10:06.270
  • WE'RE GONNA GO TO THAT EGYPTIAN-RUN COPPER MINE
  • 00:10:06.290 --> 00:10:09.150
  • THAT YOU MENTIONED WHEN THINGS WERE
  • 00:10:09.170 --> 00:10:11.160
  • REALLY BUZZING HERE IN THE DESERT
  • 00:10:11.180 --> 00:10:13.020
  • SOME 3500 YEARS AGO, NOT IN A GOOD WAY,
  • 00:10:13.040 --> 00:10:15.050
  • BUT IT'S FASCINATING.
  • 00:10:15.070 --> 00:10:16.100
  • LET'S GO UNDERGROUND, ELLIOT,
  • 00:10:16.120 --> 00:10:17.180
  • INTO THOSE MINES RIGHT NOW.
  • 00:10:17.200 --> 00:10:19.170
  • DON'T MOVE, THE COPPER MINES COMING UP.
  • 00:10:19.190 --> 00:10:25.160
  • -[ANNOUNCER] HAMAS, HEZBOLLAH, IRAN, ISIS,
  • 00:10:25.180 --> 00:10:29.210
  • THE SAME TERRORIST FORCES THAT SEEK TO ANNIHILATE ISRAEL
  • 00:10:29.230 --> 00:10:33.000
  • HAVE A BULLSEYE ON THE BACK OF THE UNITED STATES.
  • 00:10:33.020 --> 00:10:35.270
  • AT CHRISTIANS UNITED FOR ISRAEL, WE KNOW
  • 00:10:35.290 --> 00:10:38.050
  • THAT ISRAEL'S ENEMIES AND AMERICA'S ARE ONE AND THE SAME.
  • 00:10:38.070 --> 00:10:41.240
  • WHEN ISRAEL COMES UNDER ATTACK,
  • 00:10:41.260 --> 00:10:44.030
  • A NATION-WIDE NETWORK OF OVER 7 MILLION MEMBERS
  • 00:10:44.050 --> 00:10:46.220
  • LEAPS INTO ACTION.
  • 00:10:46.240 --> 00:10:48.110
  • WE HELPED LEAD THE FIGHTS ON CAPITOL HILL
  • 00:10:48.130 --> 00:10:50.070
  • TO PULL OUT OF THE DISASTROUS IRAN NUCLEAR DEAL,
  • 00:10:50.090 --> 00:10:52.240
  • TO MOVE THE US EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM,
  • 00:10:52.260 --> 00:10:55.220
  • AND TO CUT FUNDING TO THE PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY
  • 00:10:55.240 --> 00:10:58.030
  • OVER ITS USE OF AMERICAN TAXPAYER DOLLARS
  • 00:10:58.050 --> 00:11:00.210
  • TO FUND TERRORISM.
  • 00:11:00.230 --> 00:11:02.120
  • WHEN CUFI SPEAKS, WASHINGTON LISTENS.
  • 00:11:02.140 --> 00:11:05.140
  • AND AS RADICAL FORCES THREATEN ISRAEL AND AMERICA,
  • 00:11:05.160 --> 00:11:08.190
  • WE NEED YOUR HELP TO SUPPORT THE IMPORTANT WORK
  • 00:11:08.210 --> 00:11:11.220
  • OF CHRISTIANS UNITED FOR ISRAEL.
  • 00:11:11.240 --> 00:11:13.240
  • VISIT CUFI.ORG OR CALL THE PHONE NUMBER ON YOUR SCREEN.
  • 00:11:13.260 --> 00:11:17.170
  • WHEN YOU DEFEND ISRAEL, YOU'RE DEFENDING AMERICA.
  • 00:11:17.190 --> 00:11:20.170
  • SO JOIN OUR MOVEMENT TODAY.
  • 00:11:20.190 --> 00:11:24.240
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:11:24.260 --> 00:11:30.090
  • [MIDDLE EASTERN MUSIC]
  • 00:11:30.110 --> 00:11:42.280
  • [MIDDLE EASTERN MUSIC]
  • 00:11:42.280 --> 00:11:50.080
  • - WELL, ELLIOT, WE ARE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE DESERT.
  • 00:11:50.100 --> 00:11:52.260
  • THIS IS TIMNA PARK JUST NORTH OF EILAT,
  • 00:11:52.280 --> 00:11:55.280
  • WHICH IS THE SOUTHERNMOST POINT OF ISRAEL.
  • 00:11:56.000 --> 00:11:58.040
  • WE'RE NEAR THE RED SEA.
  • 00:11:58.060 --> 00:11:59.100
  • WE'RE NOT THAT FAR FROM EGYPT AND JORDAN
  • 00:11:59.120 --> 00:12:01.200
  • AND, RIGHT NOW, WE'RE IN A VERY UNIQUE SPOT IN THIS DESERT.
  • 00:12:01.220 --> 00:12:06.000
  • WHERE ARE WE?
  • 00:12:06.020 --> 00:12:07.030
  • - WE'RE ACTUALLY SITTING IN A COPPER MINE.
  • 00:12:07.050 --> 00:12:10.010
  • THE ORIGINS OF THE MINES HERE ARE 5000 YEARS AGO.
  • 00:12:10.030 --> 00:12:12.260
  • THESE MINES ARE ONLY FROM ABOUT 3300 YEARS AGO.
  • 00:12:12.280 --> 00:12:17.040
  • AND YOU SAID WE'RE NEAR EGYPT.
  • 00:12:17.060 --> 00:12:20.020
  • IN THOSE DAYS, THIS WAS PART OF EGYPTIAN INFLUENCE.
  • 00:12:20.040 --> 00:12:23.170
  • IT WASN'T EGYPT PROPER, BUT THE EGYPTIANS WERE HERE.
  • 00:12:23.190 --> 00:12:26.170
  • AND THEY FOUND COPPER ORE, ACTUALLY, A PERIOD BEFORE THAT.
  • 00:12:26.190 --> 00:12:30.050
  • COPPER ORE WAS KNOWN TO BE HERE.
  • 00:12:30.070 --> 00:12:32.160
  • THE EGYPTIANS, SOME 3300 YEARS AGO, WHICH GLIDES US
  • 00:12:32.180 --> 00:12:36.210
  • INTO THE TIME OF DAVID AND SOLOMON 3000 YEARS AGO
  • 00:12:36.230 --> 00:12:42.000
  • ESTABLISHED A MINING INDUSTRY HERE
  • 00:12:42.020 --> 00:12:46.230
  • IN WHICH, INTERESTINGLY ENOUGH, AND NOT SURPRISINGLY,
  • 00:12:46.250 --> 00:12:51.140
  • THEY UNDERSTOOD THAT IT WOULD BE BETTER
  • 00:12:51.160 --> 00:12:54.100
  • TO DO THE INDUSTRIAL EXTRACTION OF COPPER METAL HERE
  • 00:12:54.120 --> 00:12:58.180
  • THAN TO BRING ALL THE ORE TO EGYPT AND DO IT THERE.
  • 00:12:58.200 --> 00:13:02.000
  • IN OTHER WORDS, WHAT THEY WOULD SHIP OUT OF HERE
  • 00:13:02.020 --> 00:13:03.160
  • WAS JUST THE METAL.
  • 00:13:03.180 --> 00:13:04.220
  • - YEAH, THE DIG, OKAY.
  • 00:13:04.240 --> 00:13:06.180
  • - OKAY, AND THE WAY THEY DID IT BASICALLY
  • 00:13:06.200 --> 00:13:08.130
  • WAS TO DROP SHAFTS, THIS IS AN OPEN ONE,
  • 00:13:08.150 --> 00:13:11.100
  • BUT WE CAN SEE CIRCULAR SHAFTS ALL AROUND THIS AREA
  • 00:13:11.120 --> 00:13:14.240
  • 'TILL THEY HIT THE VEIN OF COPPER ORE
  • 00:13:14.260 --> 00:13:18.060
  • THAT THEY KNEW THEY WOULD FIND.
  • 00:13:18.080 --> 00:13:19.120
  • IN OTHER WORDS, IT WASN'T A RANDOM SHOT.
  • 00:13:19.140 --> 00:13:21.240
  • THEY WOULD HIT THAT LINE WHICH IS HERE
  • 00:13:21.260 --> 00:13:23.130
  • AND WE CAN ACTUALLY SEE SOME OF THE REMNANTS OF IT.
  • 00:13:23.150 --> 00:13:26.070
  • AND THEN, THEY WOULD CUT HORIZONTAL SHAFTS
  • 00:13:26.090 --> 00:13:29.120
  • LIKE THE ONES THAT WE SEE HERE
  • 00:13:29.140 --> 00:13:31.260
  • TO ACTUALLY MINE THE ORE STRAIGHT OUT.
  • 00:13:31.280 --> 00:13:35.000
  • THEY WEREN'T BLUNDERING AROUND HERE.
  • 00:13:35.020 --> 00:13:36.140
  • - THEY WERE VERY EFFICIENT.
  • 00:13:36.160 --> 00:13:37.210
  • - THEY WERE EFFICIENT, THEY WERE DIRECTED.
  • 00:13:37.230 --> 00:13:39.190
  • THEY KNEW THAT THEY WERE IN AN AREA OF COPPER.
  • 00:13:39.210 --> 00:13:41.190
  • AS A MATTER OF FACT, YOU DON'T HAVE TO GO VERY FAR.
  • 00:13:41.210 --> 00:13:43.060
  • HERE'S SOME COPPER ORE.
  • 00:13:43.080 --> 00:13:45.120
  • - IT'S EVERYWHERE AROUND US, WOW.
  • 00:13:45.140 --> 00:13:46.160
  • - IT'S EVERYWHERE AROUND.
  • 00:13:46.180 --> 00:13:47.200
  • AND WHAT I FIND PARTICULARLY INTERESTING
  • 00:13:47.220 --> 00:13:51.200
  • IN ADDITION TO THE MINING, WHICH,
  • 00:13:51.220 --> 00:13:53.210
  • WHEN YOU THINK ABOUT IT IS AN INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY WONDER.
  • 00:13:53.230 --> 00:13:57.280
  • - YEAH, THIS IS ANCIENT, ANCIENT MINING.
  • 00:13:58.000 --> 00:14:00.060
  • - WHERE THEY'RE DOING IT BY HAND.
  • 00:14:00.080 --> 00:14:01.180
  • - BY THE WAY, WHO WAS DOING IT?
  • 00:14:01.200 --> 00:14:03.000
  • WHO WAS ACTUALLY DOING THE MINING?
  • 00:14:03.020 --> 00:14:04.180
  • WE KNOW IT WAS EGYPTIAN-DIRECTED.
  • 00:14:04.200 --> 00:14:06.090
  • - RIGHT, WELL, THEY WERE SLAVES, CERTAINLY.
  • 00:14:06.110 --> 00:14:07.230
  • - SLAVE LABOR AND, JUST SO PEOPLE KNOW,
  • 00:14:07.250 --> 00:14:10.040
  • IT'S, I THINK, 106F HERE TODAY, WHERE WE ARE.
  • 00:14:10.060 --> 00:14:15.050
  • - IN THE SHADE.
  • 00:14:15.070 --> 00:14:16.000
  • - IN THE SHADE. [LAUGHING]
  • 00:14:16.020 --> 00:14:17.150
  • LUCKILY, WE HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF A PATCH OF IT
  • 00:14:17.170 --> 00:14:19.140
  • HERE IN THE MINES.
  • 00:14:19.160 --> 00:14:20.190
  • - RIGHT, WHICH ALSO TELLS US THAT THEY
  • 00:14:20.210 --> 00:14:23.090
  • UNDERSTOOD HOW TO WORK IN THIS KIND OF HEAT
  • 00:14:23.110 --> 00:14:27.150
  • BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, 'CAUSE THEY'VE ALL GOT SLAVES.
  • 00:14:27.170 --> 00:14:28.280
  • THEY DIDN'T TREAT THEM WELL, AND THAT'S ONE THING,
  • 00:14:29.000 --> 00:14:30.290
  • BUT YOU CAN'T HAVE YOUR SLAVE POPULATION
  • 00:14:31.010 --> 00:14:32.220
  • DYING OFF ON YOU.
  • 00:14:32.240 --> 00:14:34.060
  • - I MEAN, THERE'S THE DESERT AND THEN THERE'S THE DESERT.
  • 00:14:34.080 --> 00:14:36.060
  • - RIGHT.
  • 00:14:36.080 --> 00:14:37.140
  • - THIS IS THE DESERT WHERE WE ARE RIGHT NOW.
  • 00:14:37.160 --> 00:14:38.140
  • - WE'RE REALLY IN THE MIDDLE OF IT.
  • 00:14:38.160 --> 00:14:39.110
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:14:39.130 --> 00:14:40.190
  • - FROM A PURELY, HUMAN HISTORY POINT OF VIEW,
  • 00:14:40.210 --> 00:14:44.020
  • WE HAVE THIS ERROR IN THOUGHT
  • 00:14:44.040 --> 00:14:49.030
  • IN WHICH WE THINK THAT THE,
  • 00:14:49.050 --> 00:14:50.130
  • OR WE BEHAVE AS IF THE ANCIENTS WERE PRIMITIVE.
  • 00:14:50.150 --> 00:14:55.020
  • AND I KNOW YOU'VE PROBABLY HAD IT IN CONVERSATIONS.
  • 00:14:55.040 --> 00:14:58.160
  • I KNOW THAT I HAVE PEOPLE WHO SAY THAT
  • 00:14:58.180 --> 00:15:00.220
  • RELIGION IS THE RESULT OF SUPERSTITION
  • 00:15:00.240 --> 00:15:03.020
  • OF PRIMITIVE PEOPLES AND THEY'RE TRYING TO EXPLAIN
  • 00:15:03.040 --> 00:15:05.210
  • A WORLD THAT THEY DON'T UNDERSTAND,
  • 00:15:05.230 --> 00:15:06.280
  • AND THAT SORT OF THING.
  • 00:15:07.000 --> 00:15:08.020
  • WELL, I CHALLENGE SOMEONE TO EXPLAIN TO ME
  • 00:15:08.040 --> 00:15:10.280
  • HOW, OVER 3000 YEARS AGO, PEOPLE UNDERSTOOD AND KNEW
  • 00:15:11.000 --> 00:15:17.180
  • THAT IF YOU HEAT THIS UP TO A HIGH ENOUGH TEMPERATURE,
  • 00:15:17.200 --> 00:15:21.060
  • YOU'LL GET COPPER METAL OUT OF IT.
  • 00:15:21.080 --> 00:15:23.260
  • AND THEN, HOW DO YOU ACTUALLY GO ABOUT
  • 00:15:23.280 --> 00:15:26.060
  • RAISING THE TEMPERATURE TO THAT LEVEL IN A FURNACE
  • 00:15:26.080 --> 00:15:30.170
  • IN ORDER TO DO IT AND SEPARATE THE METAL,
  • 00:15:30.190 --> 00:15:32.240
  • PURIFY IT AND THEY ACTUALLY SHIPPED THE COPPER METAL INGOTS
  • 00:15:32.260 --> 00:15:36.260
  • FROM HERE, LEAVING THE SLAG, THE JUNK BEHIND.
  • 00:15:36.280 --> 00:15:39.240
  • - WOW, TALK ABOUT A SMART BUSINESS MIND,
  • 00:15:39.260 --> 00:15:43.040
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:15:43.060 --> 00:15:44.090
  • - AMONG THE EGYPTIANS AND INDUSTRIAL.
  • 00:15:44.110 --> 00:15:45.140
  • - YEAH, SO, OF COURSE, THIS IS A MAJOR
  • 00:15:45.160 --> 00:15:48.200
  • ECONOMIC RESOURCE CENTER FOR THEM.
  • 00:15:48.220 --> 00:15:52.200
  • COPPER IS IMPORTANT FOR THEM, NOT JUST TODAY,
  • 00:15:52.220 --> 00:15:56.140
  • PENNIES, RIGHT, BUT IT'S PART OF THEIR METALWORK.
  • 00:15:56.160 --> 00:16:00.250
  • IT'S PART OF HOW THEY MAKE WEAPONS.
  • 00:16:00.270 --> 00:16:02.050
  • THEY'RE MAKING BRONZE OUT OF IT.
  • 00:16:02.070 --> 00:16:05.020
  • THEY ALREADY KNOW ENOUGH METALLURGY.
  • 00:16:05.040 --> 00:16:07.270
  • THEY'RE NOT FURTHER ON YET, BUT THEY'VE MOVED
  • 00:16:07.290 --> 00:16:10.070
  • FROM STICKS AND STONES TO USING METAL
  • 00:16:10.090 --> 00:16:14.070
  • IN A VERY SOPHISTICATED WAY.
  • 00:16:14.090 --> 00:16:16.210
  • AND, ONCE AGAIN, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT 3500 YEARS AGO.
  • 00:16:16.230 --> 00:16:18.290
  • - YEAH, SO THIS WAS AROUND THE TIME
  • 00:16:19.010 --> 00:16:20.190
  • OF ABRAHAM, ISAAC, JACOB, MAYBE AFTER THAT.
  • 00:16:20.210 --> 00:16:23.060
  • - YES, RIGHT. - MAYBE MOSES.
  • 00:16:23.080 --> 00:16:24.180
  • - RIGHT, YEAH, IN THAT INTERREGNUM.
  • 00:16:24.200 --> 00:16:25.280
  • - YEAH, WHEN DID THE PARTY END FOR THE EGYPTIANS
  • 00:16:26.000 --> 00:16:30.010
  • HERE IN TIMNA, IN THESE COPPER MINES?
  • 00:16:30.030 --> 00:16:32.040
  • - EGYPT GOES INTO A BIT OF
  • 00:16:32.060 --> 00:16:33.160
  • A RECESSIONAL DECLINE, IF YOU WILL
  • 00:16:33.180 --> 00:16:35.270
  • AND, OF COURSE, IT MATCHES WITH THE RISE OF DAVID.
  • 00:16:35.290 --> 00:16:40.270
  • REMEMBER THAT THE PHILISTINES ARE EGYPTIAN PROXY FRONTLINE.
  • 00:16:40.290 --> 00:16:47.000
  • THEY'RE DEFEATED BY SAUL ULTIMATELY,
  • 00:16:47.020 --> 00:16:48.290
  • BY DAVID ULTIMATELY, BEFORE, THEY DEFEATED SAUL.
  • 00:16:49.010 --> 00:16:53.030
  • THE DEFEAT OF THE PHILISTINES IS PART OF
  • 00:16:53.050 --> 00:16:55.000
  • A DRIVE, PUSHING THE EGYPTIANS BACK.
  • 00:16:55.020 --> 00:16:57.200
  • NOW, THE JEWS OR, WELL, JEWS, YEAH, FOR OUR PURPOSES.
  • 00:16:57.220 --> 00:17:02.130
  • - THE ISRAELITES.
  • 00:17:02.150 --> 00:17:03.220
  • - THEY'RE PAST ISRAELITES, THE DAVIDIC DYNASTY.
  • 00:17:03.240 --> 00:17:06.150
  • - YEAH.
  • 00:17:06.170 --> 00:17:07.290
  • - THE TRIBES DON'T HAVE AN INTEREST IN CONQUERING EGYPT.
  • 00:17:08.010 --> 00:17:09.280
  • THEY'RE NOT GOING BACK THERE.
  • 00:17:10.000 --> 00:17:11.190
  • SO THE DESERT, THE NEGEV AND SINAI
  • 00:17:11.210 --> 00:17:14.180
  • BECOME A SORT OF BUFFER ZONE BETWEEN THEM.
  • 00:17:14.200 --> 00:17:17.000
  • AND SOLOMON COMES DOWN HERE BECAUSE
  • 00:17:17.020 --> 00:17:20.130
  • HE STARTS USING THIS AREA FOR
  • 00:17:20.150 --> 00:17:22.010
  • THE SAME REASON THE EGYPTIANS DID.
  • 00:17:22.030 --> 00:17:23.110
  • WE TALK ABOUT SOLOMON'S MINES HERE
  • 00:17:23.130 --> 00:17:25.050
  • AND SOLOMON'S NAME APPEARS.
  • 00:17:25.070 --> 00:17:27.070
  • AND HE USES THE PORT OF WHAT WE CALL TODAY EILAT
  • 00:17:27.090 --> 00:17:31.020
  • TO SHIP OUT THROUGH THE INDIAN OCEAN.
  • 00:17:31.040 --> 00:17:33.060
  • AND, HERE AGAIN, INTERESTINGLY ENOUGH,
  • 00:17:33.080 --> 00:17:34.260
  • WE THINK THAT GLOBAL TRADE IS A
  • 00:17:34.280 --> 00:17:37.270
  • MID-15TH, 16TH CENTURY PHENOMENON.
  • 00:17:37.290 --> 00:17:42.190
  • NO, NO, NO, NO. IT GOES BACK TO 2000 AND MORE, 3000 YEARS.
  • 00:17:42.210 --> 00:17:47.070
  • - YEAH, SO IT'S AN AMAZING BIBLICAL HISTORY HERE.
  • 00:17:47.090 --> 00:17:49.150
  • IT'S A GEOLOGICAL WONDER, TIMNA PARK.
  • 00:17:49.170 --> 00:17:51.270
  • IT'S JUST STUNNING THE LANDSCAPE HERE.
  • 00:17:51.290 --> 00:17:54.140
  • AND, BY THE WAY, THAT BREEZE THAT JUST WENT PAST
  • 00:17:54.160 --> 00:17:56.280
  • WAS PRETTY NICE.
  • 00:17:57.000 --> 00:17:57.230
  • - IT WAS.
  • 00:17:57.250 --> 00:17:58.250
  • - WE NEEDED THAT, OFF TO THE DESERT.
  • 00:17:58.270 --> 00:18:00.020
  • HOPEFULLY, THERE'S AN OASIS, LET'S GO.
  • 00:18:00.040 --> 00:18:01.270
  • - LET'S GO.
  • 00:18:01.290 --> 00:18:03.000
  • [SCREEN WHOOSHING]
  • 00:18:03.020 --> 00:18:04.080
  • - THANKS AGAIN TO ELLIOT CHODOFF FOR BRINGING US
  • 00:18:04.100 --> 00:18:05.160
  • THE POWERFUL STORY OF TIMNA.
  • 00:18:05.180 --> 00:18:08.050
  • UP NEXT, WE'RE STAYING IN THE NEGEV DESERT
  • 00:18:08.070 --> 00:18:10.130
  • WITH OUR GOOD FRIEND, DANNY "THE DIGGER" HERMAN
  • 00:18:10.150 --> 00:18:13.020
  • TO LEARN ABOUT ONE OF THE MOST MYSTERIOUS PEOPLES
  • 00:18:13.040 --> 00:18:15.080
  • OF THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST.
  • 00:18:15.100 --> 00:18:17.020
  • AND WE MIGHT JUST GET SOME CLUES
  • 00:18:17.040 --> 00:18:18.270
  • ABOUT THE ORIGINS OF THE THREE WISE MEN.
  • 00:18:18.290 --> 00:18:22.120
  • FOLKS, YOU WON'T WANT TO MISS THIS, DON'T MOVE.
  • 00:18:22.140 --> 00:18:26.240
  • -[ANNOUNCER] GOD HAS APPOINTED WATCHMEN
  • 00:18:26.260 --> 00:18:28.270
  • OVER THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL TO PRAY,
  • 00:18:28.290 --> 00:18:30.260
  • TO PETITION ON THEIR BEHALF
  • 00:18:30.280 --> 00:18:33.070
  • AND TO PROVIDE PROTECTION WHEREVER POSSIBLE.
  • 00:18:33.090 --> 00:18:36.000
  • CHRISTIAN UNITED FOR ISRAEL IS COMMITTED
  • 00:18:36.020 --> 00:18:38.120
  • TO FULFILLING THIS GOD-GIVEN MANDATE.
  • 00:18:38.140 --> 00:18:40.290
  • THIS HOLIDAY SEASON, YOU CAN JOIN US
  • 00:18:41.010 --> 00:18:42.280
  • IN THIS SPECIAL CALLING.
  • 00:18:43.000 --> 00:18:44.210
  • FOR YOUR GIFT OF ANY AMOUNT, WE'LL SEND YOU
  • 00:18:44.230 --> 00:18:46.280
  • THIS BEAUTIFUL CUFI CHRISTMAS ORNAMENT,
  • 00:18:47.000 --> 00:18:49.060
  • HANDMADE IN ISRAEL.
  • 00:18:49.080 --> 00:18:50.250
  • THIS ONE-OF-A-KIND ORNAMENT FEATURES
  • 00:18:50.270 --> 00:18:52.180
  • THE JAFFA GATE, THE MAIN ENTRANCE
  • 00:18:52.200 --> 00:18:54.150
  • OF THE OLD CITY OF JERUSALEM,
  • 00:18:54.170 --> 00:18:56.120
  • AND IT'S INSCRIBED WITH ISAIAH 62'S
  • 00:18:56.140 --> 00:18:58.260
  • WATCHMAN ON THE WALL VERSE.
  • 00:18:58.280 --> 00:19:01.030
  • "FOR ZION'S SAKE WE WILL NOT KEEP SILENT."
  • 00:19:01.050 --> 00:19:04.160
  • DISPLAYING THIS UNIQUE CHRISTMAS ORNAMENT
  • 00:19:04.180 --> 00:19:06.150
  • ON YOUR TREE THIS HOLIDAY SEASON IS A REMINDER
  • 00:19:06.170 --> 00:19:08.290
  • OF YOUR FAITHFUL COMMITMENT TO BLESS AND DEFEND ISRAEL.
  • 00:19:09.010 --> 00:19:12.090
  • VISIT CUFI.ORG/GIFT TO RECEIVE YOUR CUSTOM,
  • 00:19:12.110 --> 00:19:15.180
  • CUFI CHRISTMAS ORNAMENT TODAY.
  • 00:19:15.200 --> 00:19:17.200
  • SHOW YOUR FRIENDS AND FAMILY MEMBERS
  • 00:19:17.220 --> 00:19:19.120
  • THIS CHRISTMAS THAT YOU STAND WITH ISRAEL
  • 00:19:19.140 --> 00:19:21.240
  • AS A FAITHFUL WATCHMAN ON THE WALL.
  • 00:19:21.260 --> 00:19:26.290
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:19:27.010 --> 00:19:31.020
  • - AND WELCOME BACK TO "THE WATCHMAN."
  • 00:19:31.040 --> 00:19:33.070
  • THEY WERE A POWERFUL PEOPLE DURING THE TIME OF JESUS.
  • 00:19:33.090 --> 00:19:36.090
  • AND THEY SPENT A LOT OF TIME IN THE NEGEV DESERT
  • 00:19:36.110 --> 00:19:39.020
  • IN SOUTHERN ISRAEL WHERE WE VISITED THIS WEEK
  • 00:19:39.040 --> 00:19:41.160
  • WITH ELLIOT CHODOFF.
  • 00:19:41.180 --> 00:19:42.290
  • I'M TALKING ABOUT THE NABATAEANS.
  • 00:19:43.010 --> 00:19:45.100
  • NOW, DESPITE THEIR WEALTH AND INFLUENCE,
  • 00:19:45.120 --> 00:19:47.200
  • THE NABATAEAN ARE NEVER MENTIONED IN THE BIBLE.
  • 00:19:47.220 --> 00:19:50.130
  • THAT'S WHY WE ASKED OUR GOOD FRIEND,
  • 00:19:50.150 --> 00:19:51.290
  • DANNY "THE DIGGER" HERMAN TO HEAD TO AN ANCIENT SITE
  • 00:19:52.010 --> 00:19:55.120
  • IN THE NEGEV DESERT TO BRING US THE INSIDE STORY
  • 00:19:55.140 --> 00:19:58.160
  • OF THIS MYSTERIOUS PEOPLE WHO JUST MIGHT HAVE A LINK
  • 00:19:58.180 --> 00:20:01.160
  • TO THE THREE WISE MEN.
  • 00:20:01.180 --> 00:20:03.240
  • DANNY, TAKE IT AWAY.
  • 00:20:03.260 --> 00:20:05.140
  • [SOFT MUSIC]
  • 00:20:05.160 --> 00:20:16.270
  • - IT IS THE GOSPEL OF MATTHEW THAT GIVES US
  • 00:20:16.290 --> 00:20:19.080
  • THE MOST DETAILED ACCOUNT OF THE BIRTH OF JESUS.
  • 00:20:19.100 --> 00:20:22.230
  • AND, AMONG OTHERS, IT RECORDS THREE WISE MEN
  • 00:20:22.250 --> 00:20:26.090
  • COMING FROM THE EAST TO ADORN THE NEWBORN
  • 00:20:26.110 --> 00:20:28.130
  • AND, UPON SEEING HIM AND HIS MOTHER,
  • 00:20:28.150 --> 00:20:30.290
  • THEY PRESENT UNIQUE GIFTS, GOLD, MYRRH AND FRANKINCENSE.
  • 00:20:31.010 --> 00:20:36.140
  • WHO COULD BE THOSE PEOPLE?
  • 00:20:36.160 --> 00:20:38.100
  • AS AN ARCHEOLOGIST STUDYING THIS REGION
  • 00:20:38.120 --> 00:20:40.180
  • FOR MANY YEARS, THE REGION OF THE HOLY LAND
  • 00:20:40.200 --> 00:20:43.090
  • AND ITS NEIGHBORING CULTURES, I AM OF THE OPINION
  • 00:20:43.110 --> 00:20:45.180
  • THAT IT COULD ONLY BE REFERRING
  • 00:20:45.200 --> 00:20:47.040
  • TO ONE GROUP OF PEOPLE, THE NABATAEANS.
  • 00:20:47.060 --> 00:20:50.120
  • THE NABATAEANS WERE A SEMITIC GROUP OF PEOPLE
  • 00:20:50.140 --> 00:20:53.070
  • WHO IN THE TIME OF JESUS HAD A SPECIAL ECONOMICAL NICHE
  • 00:20:53.090 --> 00:20:57.290
  • OF TRANSPORTING GOODS FROM THE SOUTHERN END
  • 00:20:58.010 --> 00:21:00.260
  • OF THE ARABIAN PENINSULA AS WELL AS EASTERN AFRICA,
  • 00:21:00.280 --> 00:21:04.170
  • AND EVEN GOODS FROM INDIA ACROSS THE DESERT
  • 00:21:04.190 --> 00:21:08.150
  • AND UP TO THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN AT
  • 00:21:08.170 --> 00:21:13.090
  • NO ONE ELSE KNEW HOW TO CARRY THE LOADS
  • 00:21:13.110 --> 00:21:16.170
  • THROUGH THIS HARSH ENVIRONMENT.
  • 00:21:16.190 --> 00:21:18.110
  • ONLY THE NABATAEANS HAD THE KNOWLEDGE OF
  • 00:21:18.130 --> 00:21:20.280
  • HIDDEN WATER RESERVOIRS THAT COULD, IN A WAY,
  • 00:21:21.000 --> 00:21:23.220
  • REFUEL THEIR CAMELS, AND SO, MANAGE THIS JOURNEY.
  • 00:21:23.240 --> 00:21:28.010
  • THE GOODS WERE OF VARIOUS TYPES,
  • 00:21:28.030 --> 00:21:30.290
  • BUT IT IS THE MYRRH, THE FRANKINCENSE,
  • 00:21:31.010 --> 00:21:34.070
  • WHICH WOULD BE BURNT ON INCENSE BURNERS LIKE THESE
  • 00:21:34.090 --> 00:21:38.030
  • AND PRODUCE A VERY SPECIAL AND PLEASANT ODOR
  • 00:21:38.050 --> 00:21:41.170
  • THAT WAS VERY POPULAR FOR BOTH DOMESTIC USE AND RITUALS.
  • 00:21:41.190 --> 00:21:46.120
  • AND THE LAST FIVE DAYS OF THE JOURNEY WOULD BE
  • 00:21:46.140 --> 00:21:49.040
  • THROUGH THE SOUTHERN AREA OF THE HOLY LAND,
  • 00:21:49.070 --> 00:21:52.240
  • THROUGH THE NEGEV.
  • 00:21:52.260 --> 00:21:54.260
  • THIS SITE, OVDAT, WAS ONE OF THEM.
  • 00:21:54.280 --> 00:21:57.160
  • OVDAT, NAMED AFTER A NABATAEAN KING,
  • 00:21:57.180 --> 00:22:00.060
  • WOULD BE A MAJOR REST PLACE AFTER CROSSING
  • 00:22:00.080 --> 00:22:02.290
  • THE ARAVA, THE RAMON CRATER AND, BEFORE COMPLETING
  • 00:22:03.010 --> 00:22:06.160
  • THE LAST STAGE OF THE JOURNEY REACHING GAZA,
  • 00:22:06.180 --> 00:22:10.060
  • WHERE THE REWARD WILL FINALLY BE GIVEN TO THEM
  • 00:22:10.080 --> 00:22:13.060
  • IN A LOT OF CASH, BACK THEN, GOLD.
  • 00:22:13.080 --> 00:22:16.110
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:22:16.130 --> 00:22:20.190
  • OVDAT STARTED AS A CARAVANSARY
  • 00:22:20.210 --> 00:22:22.240
  • IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NEGEV, HALFWAY BETWEEN
  • 00:22:22.260 --> 00:22:24.270
  • THE RAMON CRATER AND THE SPRING OF OVDAT.
  • 00:22:24.290 --> 00:22:27.240
  • THIS HILLTOP ORIGINALLY WAS USED BY THE NABATAEANS
  • 00:22:27.260 --> 00:22:30.140
  • PROBABLY FOR SACRIFICIAL ACTIVITIES.
  • 00:22:30.160 --> 00:22:33.160
  • THIS SLAB OF STONE SEEMED TO HAVE
  • 00:22:33.180 --> 00:22:35.030
  • BEEN USED FOR RITUALS.
  • 00:22:35.050 --> 00:22:37.090
  • THE GROOVES LEADING INTO A SMALL BASIN
  • 00:22:37.110 --> 00:22:39.220
  • WERE PERHAPS TO ENABLE THE SLAUGHTER OF SMALL ANIMALS
  • 00:22:39.240 --> 00:22:42.160
  • BY THE NABATAEANS TO THANK THEIR GODS,
  • 00:22:42.180 --> 00:22:44.260
  • DUSHARA AND AL-'UZZA FOR ACHIEVING THIS LONG JOURNEY,
  • 00:22:44.280 --> 00:22:48.170
  • AT LEAST UP TO THIS POINT.
  • 00:22:48.190 --> 00:22:50.090
  • AND BEHIND ME, THE COLUMNS, THE NABATAEAN CAPITALS
  • 00:22:50.110 --> 00:22:53.200
  • WERE ALL PROBABLY PART OF A NABATAEAN CULTIC CENTER.
  • 00:22:53.220 --> 00:22:57.170
  • OVDAT CONTINUED TO BE INHABITED ALSO
  • 00:22:57.190 --> 00:22:59.170
  • IN ROMAN AND BYZANTINE TIMES AND, IN FACT,
  • 00:22:59.190 --> 00:23:01.220
  • IN THE BYZANTINE CHRISTIAN PERIOD,
  • 00:23:01.240 --> 00:23:03.250
  • IT DEVELOPED INTO A SMALL TOWN WITH TWO CHURCHES.
  • 00:23:03.270 --> 00:23:07.020
  • LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT ONE OF THEM.
  • 00:23:07.040 --> 00:23:08.230
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:23:08.250 --> 00:23:12.060
  • THIS BASILICA-SHAPED CHURCH ADDED IN THE
  • 00:23:12.080 --> 00:23:15.170
  • CITADEL OF OVDAT IN BYZANTINE TIMES
  • 00:23:15.190 --> 00:23:18.180
  • DEMONSTRATES THE IMPACT OF CHRISTIANITY,
  • 00:23:18.200 --> 00:23:21.140
  • EVEN IN THE LIMITS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
  • 00:23:21.160 --> 00:23:23.270
  • IN THE HEART OF THE DESERT.
  • 00:23:23.290 --> 00:23:25.260
  • AND YET, ALTHOUGH WE HAVE A GOOD DOCUMENT
  • 00:23:25.280 --> 00:23:28.060
  • OF THE CITY CENTER, THE RESIDENTIAL AREA OF OVDAT,
  • 00:23:28.080 --> 00:23:32.000
  • WHICH REFLECTS THE DAILY LIFE HERE IN ANCIENT TIMES,
  • 00:23:32.020 --> 00:23:34.140
  • IS STILL WAITING TO BE UNCOVERED
  • 00:23:34.160 --> 00:23:36.220
  • BY A PROPER, LARGE-SCALE EXCAVATION.
  • 00:23:36.240 --> 00:23:39.260
  • WHO KNOWS WHAT MIGHT BE HIDING IN THOSE CAVES?
  • 00:23:39.280 --> 00:23:42.240
  • MAYBE EVEN TREASURES LEFT BY THE NABATAEANS,
  • 00:23:42.260 --> 00:23:46.070
  • TREASURES OF MYRRH, OF FRANKINCENSE, OF GOLD.
  • 00:23:46.090 --> 00:23:50.020
  • THIS MIGHT BE WAITING HERE TO BE UNCOVERED,
  • 00:23:50.040 --> 00:23:52.250
  • REFLECTING ON THIS LEGENDARY WEALTH OF THE NABATAEANS.
  • 00:23:52.270 --> 00:23:57.070
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:23:57.090 --> 00:24:06.140
  • [SCREEN WHOOSHING]
  • 00:24:06.160 --> 00:24:07.180
  • - THANKS AGAIN TO WATCHMAN CONTRIBUTOR,
  • 00:24:07.200 --> 00:24:08.280
  • DANNY "THE DIGGER" HERMAN, FOR BRINGING US
  • 00:24:09.000 --> 00:24:10.140
  • THE INSIDE STORY OF THE MYSTERIOUS NABATAEANS.
  • 00:24:10.160 --> 00:24:14.230
  • UP NEXT, MY FINAL THOUGHTS ON
  • 00:24:14.250 --> 00:24:16.190
  • WHAT ALL OF THIS MEANS FOR YOU, STICK AROUND.
  • 00:24:16.210 --> 00:24:21.030
  • - EDUCATION WITHOUT A MORAL COMPASS IS THIS.
  • 00:24:21.050 --> 00:24:25.150
  • THIS, TOO, IS PART OF EDUCATION.
  • 00:24:25.170 --> 00:24:27.140
  • AND SO, WE MUST MAKE SURE THAT WE BEGIN
  • 00:24:27.160 --> 00:24:30.000
  • THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS WITH A MORAL COMPASS.
  • 00:24:30.020 --> 00:24:33.130
  • -[ANNOUNCER] JOIN HOLOCAUST SURVIVOR
  • 00:24:33.150 --> 00:24:35.010
  • AND HISTORIAN, IRVING ROTH, ON A
  • 00:24:35.030 --> 00:24:36.260
  • ONCE-IN-A-LIFETIME REMEMBRANCE TOUR THROUGH POLAND.
  • 00:24:36.280 --> 00:24:39.190
  • HIS STORY OF LOSS, SURVIVAL AND HOPE
  • 00:24:39.210 --> 00:24:41.280
  • WILL BRING THE PAGES OF HISTORY TO LIFE.
  • 00:24:42.000 --> 00:24:44.050
  • AS YOU WALK THROUGH THE STREETS OF THE
  • 00:24:44.070 --> 00:24:45.220
  • INFAMOUS WARSAW GHETTO, THE SILENT BARRACKS
  • 00:24:45.240 --> 00:24:48.130
  • OF NAZI DEATH CAMPS LIKE THE ONE WHERE IRVING SLEPT
  • 00:24:48.150 --> 00:24:51.090
  • AT AUSCHWITZ, AND THE MEMORIALS TO THE HEROES
  • 00:24:51.110 --> 00:24:53.230
  • WHO RISKED THEIR LIVES TO RESCUE THEIR JEWISH NEIGHBORS
  • 00:24:53.250 --> 00:24:56.190
  • FROM HITLER'S EVIL PLAN, YOU'LL BE INSPIRED
  • 00:24:56.210 --> 00:24:59.110
  • AND CHALLENGED TO PUT YOUR FAITH INTO ACTION.
  • 00:24:59.130 --> 00:25:02.040
  • TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THIS RARE OPPORTUNITY
  • 00:25:02.060 --> 00:25:04.070
  • TO WALK WITH AND LEARN FROM IRVING ROTH
  • 00:25:04.090 --> 00:25:06.280
  • AS HE TAKES YOU ON A JOURNEY OF HIS MEMORIES
  • 00:25:07.000 --> 00:25:09.090
  • OF LIFE BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER THE HOLOCAUST.
  • 00:25:09.110 --> 00:25:12.220
  • TO REGISTER FOR THIS HISTORIC TRIP TO POLAND
  • 00:25:12.240 --> 00:25:15.070
  • WITH CUFI AND IRVING ROTH, GO TO THE CUFI WEBSITE
  • 00:25:15.090 --> 00:25:18.130
  • AND SIGN UP TODAY.
  • 00:25:18.150 --> 00:25:22.010
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:25:22.030 --> 00:25:26.060
  • - WELCOME BACK TO "THE WATCHMAN" FROM JERUSALEM.
  • 00:25:26.080 --> 00:25:29.010
  • FOLKS, WE HAD A BLAST BRINGING YOU THIS SPECIAL SERIES
  • 00:25:29.030 --> 00:25:32.060
  • OVER THE PAST TWO WEEKS FROM THE NEGEV DESERT
  • 00:25:32.080 --> 00:25:34.120
  • IN SOUTHERN ISRAEL.
  • 00:25:34.140 --> 00:25:36.020
  • OUR TEAM AT CHRISTIANS UNITED FOR ISRAEL
  • 00:25:36.040 --> 00:25:38.110
  • LOVES TO BRING YOU THESE KINDS OF CUTTING EDGE STORIES
  • 00:25:38.130 --> 00:25:41.070
  • THAT YOU JUST WON'T SEE ANYWHERE ELSE.
  • 00:25:41.090 --> 00:25:44.080
  • THE LAND OF ISRAEL IS COMING ALIVE TODAY
  • 00:25:44.100 --> 00:25:46.260
  • IN REAL TIME BEFORE OUR VERY EYES,
  • 00:25:46.280 --> 00:25:49.240
  • JUST AS THE GOD OF ISRAEL PROMISED THAT IT WOULD.
  • 00:25:49.260 --> 00:25:53.080
  • THE BOOK IF ISAIAH SAYS THAT, "THE PEOPLE OF ISRAEL
  • 00:25:53.100 --> 00:25:55.130
  • "WILL REBUILD THE ANCIENT RUINS AND RESTORE THE PLACES
  • 00:25:55.150 --> 00:25:59.120
  • "LONG DEVASTATED; THEY WILL RENEW THE RUINED CITIES
  • 00:25:59.140 --> 00:26:03.010
  • "THAT HAVE BEEN DEVASTATED FOR GENERATIONS."
  • 00:26:03.030 --> 00:26:05.200
  • FOLKS, THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT'S HAPPENING IN THIS LAND TODAY.
  • 00:26:05.220 --> 00:26:09.280
  • AND OUR TEAM AT CHRISTIAN UNITED FOR ISRAEL
  • 00:26:10.000 --> 00:26:12.050
  • HAS A FRONT ROW SEAT FOR ALL OF IT.
  • 00:26:12.070 --> 00:26:14.210
  • WE ARE THE WORLD'S LARGEST, PRO-ISRAEL ORGANIZATION
  • 00:26:14.230 --> 00:26:17.280
  • WITH OVER 7 MILLION MEMBERS.
  • 00:26:18.000 --> 00:26:20.030
  • AND, FOR ZION'S SAKE, WE WILL NOT KEEP SILENT.
  • 00:26:20.050 --> 00:26:23.190
  • YOU SEE THE INFORMATION THERE ON YOUR SCREEN.
  • 00:26:23.210 --> 00:26:25.110
  • SO CALL OR CLICK AND JOIN OUR MOVEMENT,
  • 00:26:25.130 --> 00:26:28.280
  • AND BECOME A PART OF THIS GREAT BIBLE STORY
  • 00:26:29.000 --> 00:26:32.040
  • THAT GOD IS WRITING IN HIS LAND TODAY.
  • 00:26:32.060 --> 00:26:35.040
  • THANKS FOR JOINING US THIS WEEK,
  • 00:26:35.060 --> 00:26:36.170
  • HERE ON "THE WATCHMAN."
  • 00:26:36.190 --> 00:26:38.000
  • UNTIL NEXT TIME, FROM JERUSALEM,
  • 00:26:38.020 --> 00:26:40.110
  • GOD BLESS YOU AND REMEMBER,
  • 00:26:40.130 --> 00:26:42.060
  • NEVER HOLD YOUR PEACE.
  • 00:26:42.080 --> 00:26:44.130
  • [DRAMATIC MUSIC]
  • 00:26:44.150 --> 00:26:45.150