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America's Hidden History | Squanto and Pocahontas

Watch America's Hidden History | Squanto and Pocahontas
November 14, 2019
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America's Hidden History

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America's Hidden History | Squanto and Pocahontas

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  • - [Announcer] Modern historians have revised, rewritten,
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  • and even deleted entire chapters of American history.
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  • So what are we missing?
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  • What happened to the history that didn't make the books.
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  • Join historian, David Barton, Tim Barton, and special guests
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  • as they uncover the facts some historians
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  • don't want you to know.
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  • This is America's Hidden History.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - We're along the Plymouth Coast in Massachusetts
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  • and telling the story of Squanto.
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  • Now Squanto is a name probably people have heard of,
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  • maybe associate with Thanksgiving with the Pilgrims,
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  • but there's a lot of backstory to Squanto,
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  • even though most people know him because
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  • when the Pilgrims land 1620, they go through that
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  • first winter, they meet Squanto the next year,
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  • but really you have to back up to learn his story.
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  • 1607 is when the Jamestown Colony is established,
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  • but even before 1607, there are explorers sailing
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  • along the coast of the New World, trying to discover
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  • what is here.
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  • In 1605, there was an explorer here in the New World
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  • who actually took Indians to go back to England
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  • to learn about English culture.
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  • - And the captain who came was George Weymouth,
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  • and he was here because he was being sponsored by
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  • the Earl of Southampton.
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  • The Earl of Southampton, wealthy, but he's very interested
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  • in colonization of this new world, and he's also very
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  • interested in the Native Americans here,
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  • wants to learn about them.
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  • So what happened is Captain Weymouth took these Indians
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  • back with him, and the Earl just kind of adopts them,
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  • kind of moves them into his own family
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  • and they live with him and go with him.
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  • So for nine years, they live in England.
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  • They learned the English language, English customs.
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  • They learn all about this stuff, and after nine years,
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  • Squanto says, I'm ready to go back.
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  • - Well, the guy who brought him back is John Smith.
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  • Now John Smith is famous because of Jamestown is where
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  • people really recognize his name.
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  • But John Smith not only brought Squanto back,
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  • he was an explorer.
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  • So when he gets back, he says, I want to explore and see
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  • what else is here, so he does explore.
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  • In fact, John Smith is really the guy that gives
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  • the New World the name New England in honor of the King,
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  • in honor of England.
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  • Well, this is just like new England, it's England, but new.
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  • So he even came up to where we are where Plymouth is
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  • and thought this would be a great name, Plymouth.
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  • There were other people saying, well we need to build
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  • a colony there at Plymouth, so that's what actually
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  • what lead to the Pilgrims doing what they did,
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  • even getting here, knowing it was Plymouth,
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  • calling it Plymouth, but let's back up.
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  • So when John Smith is still exploring 1614,
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  • there were other ship captains behind him.
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  • One of them was Thomas Hunt.
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  • Now Thomas Hunt saw there was an opportunity to actually
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  • take some of these Indians and go back over to Europe
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  • and sell them as slaves.
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  • He caught 27 Indians, brings them back over to Europe,
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  • and sells them into slavery.
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  • - And Squanto's one of those 27.
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  • And so they go back to Europe, specifically to Spain,
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  • and Captain Hunt starts selling these Indians as slaves.
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  • Well, some Spanish friars see that and said, this is not
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  • a good deal, and they raised the money and were able
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  • to purchase all the other Indians
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  • that had not yet been sold.
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  • So they take these Indians, they free them, they teach them
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  • about Christianity, they treat them very well,
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  • but Squanto says, I want to go back toward England.
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  • I've been there nine years and I'm very familiar
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  • with that culture.
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  • So he works his way slowly back to England.
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  • He gets there and he does spend another five years
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  • in England and decides he's ready to come back home.
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  • - Well, in 1619, he's able to come back to the New World
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  • to New England, and when he gets here, he realizes that
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  • his entire tribe has been wiped out by disease.
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  • So now he has to figure out, where am I going to go?
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  • What am I going to do?
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  • Well, there's a friendly tribe, or at least a tribe
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  • he makes friends with, the Wampanoags.
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  • So even though Squanto has been in Europe
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  • for roughly 15 years, he's learned Christianity,
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  • he's learned English very well.
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  • He has to find somewhere to live here,
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  • and so he goes to live with the Wampanoag Indians.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • - So Squanto's now moved in with Wampanoags,
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  • and like him, they're great warriors,
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  • and a strange thing happens.
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  • In December, a ship arrives.
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  • Now they've seen ships arrive before, but this one
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  • comes in December.
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  • That's a strange time of the year.
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  • And they watch as these people get off, and those people
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  • are the Pilgrims, and they kind of track them
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  • through the winter to see what they're doing,
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  • what's going on, and they see how tough it is on them.
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  • As spring starts to arrive, one of those Indians,
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  • a guy named Samoset goes out to talk to the Pilgrims.
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  • And they didn't know quite how to respond.
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  • They'd been told in England that an Indian is going to be
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  • a really savage, it's a hard thing,
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  • so they're kind of fearful.
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  • - And by the way, part of the reasons the Indians
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  • had responded with some savagery, actually, you can
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  • credit that back to Thomas Hunt.
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  • When Squanto gets kidnapped, 27 Indians are taken back,
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  • if Indians are learning these white men are coming
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  • to capture us and kidnap us, you can imagine they're
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  • probably not real excited about the white men
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  • they see going forward.
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  • - And so Thomas Hunt explains to them, he said,
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  • look, any Indians you find around here are probably
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  • going to be really, really hostile.
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  • And the Pilgrims aren't sure whether to trust this guy
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  • or not, and he starts telling them what they need to be able
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  • to do to live here and the best things they can do.
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  • And they finally develop this kind of a trust relationship,
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  • and they think Samoset's a good guy.
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  • And then Samoset says, and then by the way, I've got a guy
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  • back at the tribe that speaks English really well.
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  • I don't, I have broken English.
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  • I've learned it from some traders and trappers,
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  • but I've got this guy I know that I'm going to bring to you
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  • and he really speaks English well.
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  • - And think for a second, you're talking to someone,
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  • if you're a Pilgrim and you arrive in a new world
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  • and you meet this Native American, this Indian comes to you
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  • and says, okay, I'm not a good English speaker.
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  • I've got a really good one back home.
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  • What are the odds you run into a tribe where there's
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  • two people that speak your language, and one of them
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  • speaks it really well, is about to come meet you?
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  • Well, Thomas Hunt does go back and get a delegation
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  • from the tribe.
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  • The Chief comes, Chief Massasoit comes.
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  • We know Squanto's part of that delegation.
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  • And this is very interesting, because Squanto has only
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  • been back in the New World a limited amount of time
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  • and already he's being brought into position where there
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  • are English speakers who need his help,
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  • and that's exactly what he does in this situation.
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  • - So the Wampanoag and the Chief, they meet the Pilgrims
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  • and they talk with one another and kinda decide,
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  • maybe we can have some trust here.
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  • Maybe we can have a relationship.
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  • What we need to do is create some kind of a treaty
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  • between us, and that's where Squanto becomes so significant.
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  • - Yeah, so Squanto, because he spent roughly the last
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  • 15 years over in Europe, he knows the way Europeans think,
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  • but he's also been an Indian his whole life.
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  • So he knows how the Indians think.
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  • So he's the guy that's able to merge those two worlds
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  • and say, okay.
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  • So here's what you're thinking
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  • and here's what you're thinking.
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  • Here's where it comes together.
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  • This peace treaty ends up being the longest lasting
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  • peace treaty between any Anglos, any whites and the Indians
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  • in American history, which is incredibly significant.
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  • And we might credit the Pilgrims did a really good job,
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  • and the Wampanoags did a really good job.
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  • It's also fair to say that Squanto was probably the one
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  • that helped them be able to do a really good job,
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  • because he knew where both of them were coming from.
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  • In the midst of talking about the Pilgrims,
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  • and talking about the Wampanoags, and even this peace treaty
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  • that was so successful, there's no doubt the providence
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  • of God had brought Squanto to help in this very situation.
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  • (dramatic music)
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  • After the peace treaty is signed, Squanto realizes
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  • the Pilgrims, they're really going to need some help
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  • to survive and probably, in fairness, the Pilgrims
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  • probably realized they needed help too.
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  • I mean, after all, that first winter,
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  • they didn't do very well.
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  • Well, Squanto decides he's going to come
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  • and live with the Pilgrims.
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  • So he does, and as he lives with them, he shows them how
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  • to live off the land.
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  • And so much of what they were doing was based on what they
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  • had learned in Europe, but the New World wasn't like Europe,
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  • and so you can't fish or hunt the same way, and you don't
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  • even do crops the same way here in the New World.
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  • So he's having to show them how to do everything
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  • to survive the New World.
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  • He teaches them how to fish.
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  • He shows them how to trap and how to hunt.
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  • He shows them how to plant crops and they discover that corn
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  • is the crop really they're doing the best with.
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  • So he takes them from a place where they almost didn't
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  • survive and probably would not have survived to a place
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  • where actually they learned to get along pretty well.
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  • - And so they're starting to have some abundance,
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  • and they're not worried about starving to death like
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  • they did the previous year when half of them died.
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  • So they think, you know, fall's coming, we're about to go
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  • into the winter, and we actually have something
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  • to go into winter with.
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  • We need to stop and thank God.
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  • And so they do.
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  • That wasn't the first Thanksgiving in America,
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  • but it's the first Thanksgiving festival.
  • 00:08:35.070 --> 00:08:36.210
  • And they said, what we're going to do is we're going to have
  • 00:08:36.210 --> 00:08:38.150
  • three days and we need our friends here with us.
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  • And so here comes 90 Indian braves and here comes
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  • 51 Pilgrims, and for three days they sit down,
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  • they feast together, they thank God together,
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  • and they have athletic events together.
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  • So great relationship between these 90 Indians
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  • and these 51 Pilgrims.
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  • - And it's interesting, by the way, notice there were
  • 00:08:54.240 --> 00:08:56.240
  • 90 Indians and 51 Pilgrims.
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  • Think about the narrative that so often's repeated today
  • 00:08:59.100 --> 00:09:01.220
  • about how the whites just stole the land from the Indians.
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  • Imagine if the Wampanoags felt like they were being cheated
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  • or land had been stolen from them, what would
  • 00:09:08.220 --> 00:09:10.080
  • the Thanksgiving that the Pilgrims celebrated
  • 00:09:10.080 --> 00:09:12.190
  • maybe have looked like?
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  • Probably not a day of Thanksgiving.
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  • Probably a day of slaughter, because certainly
  • 00:09:15.070 --> 00:09:17.070
  • 90 Indian braves could've wiped out 51 of the Pilgrims
  • 00:09:17.070 --> 00:09:20.150
  • who were still children and men and women and elderly.
  • 00:09:20.150 --> 00:09:24.130
  • But this is where the narrative doesn't always fit.
  • 00:09:24.130 --> 00:09:27.020
  • Now, it's probably worth noting, the Pilgrims were different
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  • in some capacity than some other colonists and settlers,
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  • 'cause Jamestown wasn't quite the same.
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  • - Jamestown was very different.
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  • Jamestown was an English colony.
  • 00:09:35.140 --> 00:09:37.150
  • The Pilgrims were much more of a Biblical colony.
  • 00:09:37.150 --> 00:09:39.200
  • One example was the King gave them the land.
  • 00:09:39.200 --> 00:09:41.170
  • They said, no, no, no, King doesn't own it, the Indians do.
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  • And so instead of taking the land like Jamestown did
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  • and said, this is our land, the Pilgrims said, no,
  • 00:09:46.160 --> 00:09:48.120
  • this is your land.
  • 00:09:48.120 --> 00:09:49.180
  • Can we purchase some from you?
  • 00:09:49.180 --> 00:09:51.040
  • We're really like to live here as your neighbors.
  • 00:09:51.040 --> 00:09:52.170
  • Can we buy some land?
  • 00:09:52.170 --> 00:09:54.040
  • And the Indians sold it to them, and they bought it
  • 00:09:54.040 --> 00:09:55.270
  • from the Indians at the price set by the Indians,
  • 00:09:55.270 --> 00:09:57.190
  • and they had a title deed to every foot they had.
  • 00:09:57.190 --> 00:10:00.080
  • They also saw the Indians with equality.
  • 00:10:00.080 --> 00:10:02.150
  • They're God's kids too.
  • 00:10:02.150 --> 00:10:04.000
  • They may not know Jesus yet, but they're God's kids.
  • 00:10:04.000 --> 00:10:06.060
  • And so the concept of equality was very much there,
  • 00:10:06.060 --> 00:10:08.210
  • which it was not in Jamestown.
  • 00:10:08.210 --> 00:10:10.120
  • There was so much that the Pilgrims did differently from
  • 00:10:10.120 --> 00:10:13.120
  • other places, because they were a Biblical-minded colony
  • 00:10:13.120 --> 00:10:16.110
  • and the results really showed up in their relationship
  • 00:10:16.110 --> 00:10:18.240
  • with their neighbors and with Squanto.
  • 00:10:18.240 --> 00:10:20.140
  • - And Squanto largely would be the one who should get credit
  • 00:10:20.140 --> 00:10:22.170
  • for a lot of what the Pilgrims were able to accomplish.
  • 00:10:22.170 --> 00:10:24.120
  • Had it not been for somebody helping them be able
  • 00:10:24.120 --> 00:10:27.000
  • to make a treaty, be able to purchase land, be able
  • 00:10:27.000 --> 00:10:29.250
  • to plant crops and live and survive, and so even as we think
  • 00:10:29.250 --> 00:10:32.190
  • about Thanksgiving and the Pilgrims, really Squanto is
  • 00:10:32.190 --> 00:10:35.050
  • somebody we ought to be pointing to and saying, okay,
  • 00:10:35.050 --> 00:10:37.100
  • of all the things we are thankful for, even to be Americans,
  • 00:10:37.100 --> 00:10:40.200
  • I'm really thankful for this guy named Squanto
  • 00:10:40.200 --> 00:10:43.180
  • that God providentially brought to the Pilgrims that allowed
  • 00:10:43.180 --> 00:10:46.150
  • them to be able to establish and grow their colony.
  • 00:10:46.150 --> 00:10:50.030
  • and ultimately what influenced the nation it did,
  • 00:10:50.030 --> 00:10:52.260
  • but all of this wouldn't have happened had God not
  • 00:10:52.260 --> 00:10:54.190
  • brought them Squanto.
  • 00:10:54.190 --> 00:10:55.220
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:10:56.220 --> 00:10:59.140
  • - So Squanto really was a providential answer
  • 00:11:05.270 --> 00:11:08.220
  • for all the needs of the Pilgrims.
  • 00:11:08.220 --> 00:11:10.230
  • Without him, it's very possible they would not have survived
  • 00:11:10.230 --> 00:11:13.150
  • here at all, but they did.
  • 00:11:13.150 --> 00:11:15.210
  • But sadly, for the Pilgrims,
  • 00:11:15.210 --> 00:11:17.260
  • Squanto was not with them very long.
  • 00:11:17.260 --> 00:11:19.210
  • Less than two years he was with them, and he was exploring
  • 00:11:19.210 --> 00:11:22.140
  • along the coast with Governor William Bradford,
  • 00:11:22.140 --> 00:11:24.200
  • became ill, and he died.
  • 00:11:24.200 --> 00:11:26.240
  • And so he's buried in an unmarked location somewhere
  • 00:11:26.240 --> 00:11:29.240
  • in the vicinity along the coast.
  • 00:11:29.240 --> 00:11:31.220
  • As he was dying, Governor Bradford records that he looked
  • 00:11:31.220 --> 00:11:34.210
  • at Governor Bradford and said, please pray for me.
  • 00:11:34.210 --> 00:11:38.040
  • I want to go to the white man's heaven.
  • 00:11:38.040 --> 00:11:40.130
  • Those were the last words of Squanto,
  • 00:11:40.130 --> 00:11:42.150
  • who did such extraordinary work for the Pilgrims.
  • 00:11:42.150 --> 00:11:45.010
  • - And Governor Bradford does identify that Squanto
  • 00:11:45.010 --> 00:11:47.100
  • was a God-send for the Pilgrims,
  • 00:11:47.100 --> 00:11:49.040
  • an instrument for our good from God.
  • 00:11:49.040 --> 00:11:51.090
  • If you think about Squanto, with the years he spent
  • 00:11:51.090 --> 00:11:53.060
  • in Europe, with learning English, learning
  • 00:11:53.060 --> 00:11:55.210
  • about Christianity, but having grown up here
  • 00:11:55.210 --> 00:11:57.220
  • in the New World and New England, it's hard to find
  • 00:11:57.220 --> 00:12:00.150
  • or think of someone better suited to be the gap
  • 00:12:00.150 --> 00:12:03.120
  • for the Pilgrims, to be able to help them,
  • 00:12:03.120 --> 00:12:05.080
  • understanding what European culture and thought
  • 00:12:05.080 --> 00:12:07.160
  • and Christianity was like coming to this place where
  • 00:12:07.160 --> 00:12:09.250
  • they've never been, and providentially,
  • 00:12:09.250 --> 00:12:11.260
  • he was able to help them survive.
  • 00:12:11.260 --> 00:12:13.230
  • His story truly is remarkable.
  • 00:12:13.230 --> 00:12:16.060
  • There's sad moments, but it really is amazing to see
  • 00:12:16.060 --> 00:12:19.020
  • God's providence through Squanto on behalf of the Pilgrims,
  • 00:12:19.020 --> 00:12:21.270
  • but ultimately for the New World.
  • 00:12:21.270 --> 00:12:24.080
  • As we talk about hidden heroes from American history,
  • 00:12:24.080 --> 00:12:26.130
  • Squanto is certainly a name we should remember.
  • 00:12:26.130 --> 00:12:28.280
  • (catchy music)
  • 00:12:28.280 --> 00:12:31.160
  • - While the Bartons are out on the road,
  • 00:12:35.090 --> 00:12:36.170
  • I'm here in Wallbuilders collection going through
  • 00:12:36.170 --> 00:12:38.240
  • our artifacts to try to figure out how exactly do we know
  • 00:12:38.240 --> 00:12:41.210
  • the story of Squanto and some of these early settlers.
  • 00:12:41.210 --> 00:12:44.150
  • Well, we know their story because they told us their story.
  • 00:12:44.150 --> 00:12:47.250
  • This right here is the New England Memorial.
  • 00:12:47.250 --> 00:12:49.230
  • It's one of the first books that was ever published
  • 00:12:49.230 --> 00:12:51.200
  • by the Pilgrims.
  • 00:12:51.200 --> 00:12:53.060
  • It was actually done by the nephew of William Bradford,
  • 00:12:53.060 --> 00:12:55.110
  • the governor, who was the secretary of the colony.
  • 00:12:55.110 --> 00:12:58.090
  • So as we open this up and look through,
  • 00:12:58.090 --> 00:13:00.060
  • we can see that this has actually been through
  • 00:13:00.060 --> 00:13:01.230
  • several hundred years of ownership.
  • 00:13:01.230 --> 00:13:03.230
  • We've got a note from a previous owner from 1669,
  • 00:13:03.230 --> 00:13:07.270
  • and another one from 1753, and just goes to show
  • 00:13:07.270 --> 00:13:10.280
  • how important having the primary source documents is
  • 00:13:10.280 --> 00:13:14.240
  • to the study of history.
  • 00:13:14.240 --> 00:13:16.050
  • Because before the colonists, the Native Americans
  • 00:13:16.050 --> 00:13:18.170
  • and the Indians, they didn't have a written language,
  • 00:13:18.170 --> 00:13:21.000
  • so they didn't leave us any records.
  • 00:13:21.000 --> 00:13:22.250
  • But the colonists, while they're doing all the hard work
  • 00:13:22.250 --> 00:13:25.150
  • of coming across the ocean, of creating a new life
  • 00:13:25.150 --> 00:13:28.100
  • and civilization out here in the wilderness,
  • 00:13:28.100 --> 00:13:30.160
  • they thought, you know, it's a good idea that we write down
  • 00:13:30.160 --> 00:13:33.120
  • what happens so that generations from now, they'll know
  • 00:13:33.120 --> 00:13:35.270
  • the story, they'll know about how God really helped us out.
  • 00:13:35.270 --> 00:13:38.220
  • They'll know about the amazing hidden heroes, like Squanto,
  • 00:13:38.220 --> 00:13:41.250
  • and all the hard work they did to make America possible.
  • 00:13:41.250 --> 00:13:45.070
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:13:46.090 --> 00:13:49.020
  • - We're in Jamestown, Virginia,
  • 00:14:12.030 --> 00:14:13.180
  • actually on Jamestown Island, and this is where Pocahontas
  • 00:14:13.180 --> 00:14:17.040
  • kind of had some significant dealings.
  • 00:14:17.040 --> 00:14:19.130
  • And really, the story is about Pocahontas,
  • 00:14:19.130 --> 00:14:21.030
  • but to get to her story, we've really got to start
  • 00:14:21.030 --> 00:14:23.170
  • with the guy behind us, and that is the captain, John Smith.
  • 00:14:23.170 --> 00:14:27.210
  • Now John Smith's story starts many years earlier.
  • 00:14:27.210 --> 00:14:30.280
  • - Yeah, he starts as a young man who becomes a soldier.
  • 00:14:30.280 --> 00:14:33.240
  • He wants to go off and fight, and at that time,
  • 00:14:33.240 --> 00:14:37.030
  • Christians were largely fighting the Muslims,
  • 00:14:37.030 --> 00:14:39.020
  • who were trying to take all the Christian lands.
  • 00:14:39.020 --> 00:14:41.000
  • He goes off to fight Muslims and all these Jihads
  • 00:14:41.000 --> 00:14:43.270
  • that were occurring.
  • 00:14:43.270 --> 00:14:45.030
  • And so while he's out fighting Muslims,
  • 00:14:45.030 --> 00:14:47.070
  • he's captured and made a slave.
  • 00:14:47.070 --> 00:14:49.010
  • - But he doesn't stay in those bad conditions.
  • 00:14:49.010 --> 00:14:51.080
  • - No, he ended up killing his master and escaping
  • 00:14:51.080 --> 00:14:54.080
  • and getting back over to England.
  • 00:14:54.080 --> 00:14:56.120
  • When he got to England, he heard of this endeavor
  • 00:14:56.120 --> 00:14:58.240
  • that was under way, with doing something in the New World,
  • 00:14:58.240 --> 00:15:02.120
  • something in America that he liked the sound of that,
  • 00:15:02.120 --> 00:15:04.270
  • because he is an adventurous kind of guy.
  • 00:15:04.270 --> 00:15:06.250
  • So he kind of gets joined up with what became
  • 00:15:06.250 --> 00:15:09.230
  • the Virginia Company, which was Jamestown,
  • 00:15:09.230 --> 00:15:12.040
  • the first settlement.
  • 00:15:12.040 --> 00:15:13.180
  • So as they send their first group of three ships
  • 00:15:13.180 --> 00:15:16.120
  • to settle a colony here in Virginia, he's on that first set
  • 00:15:16.120 --> 00:15:20.060
  • of three ships.
  • 00:15:20.060 --> 00:15:21.210
  • They actually land up the river when they get here
  • 00:15:21.210 --> 00:15:23.140
  • in April of 1607, and there's 149 of them.
  • 00:15:23.140 --> 00:15:27.140
  • And they get out, and they kneel down, and the Reverend Hunt
  • 00:15:27.140 --> 00:15:30.290
  • leads them in prayer, and they erect a cross
  • 00:15:30.290 --> 00:15:33.190
  • at that location.
  • 00:15:33.190 --> 00:15:35.030
  • And from there, they say, now, we've got to find
  • 00:15:35.030 --> 00:15:36.090
  • a place to live.
  • 00:15:36.090 --> 00:15:37.240
  • So they sail up the river and they say, you know,
  • 00:15:37.240 --> 00:15:40.090
  • our leader right now is King James.
  • 00:15:40.090 --> 00:15:42.290
  • Let's name this river after him.
  • 00:15:42.290 --> 00:15:44.170
  • So this is the James River.
  • 00:15:44.170 --> 00:15:46.080
  • They find a place here that they want to build their homes.
  • 00:15:46.080 --> 00:15:50.010
  • Let's call this a town for him, so this is Jamestown,
  • 00:15:50.010 --> 00:15:52.280
  • named after him, and that's how
  • 00:15:52.280 --> 00:15:54.240
  • this first colony gets started.
  • 00:15:54.240 --> 00:15:56.200
  • So Captain Smith actually wants to discover and explore
  • 00:15:56.200 --> 00:15:59.150
  • more of the territory, so he leads an expedition
  • 00:15:59.150 --> 00:16:02.070
  • with several men, and they go to explore and they come up
  • 00:16:02.070 --> 00:16:04.240
  • on an Indian hunting party.
  • 00:16:04.240 --> 00:16:06.110
  • - Well, the Indian hunting party,
  • 00:16:06.110 --> 00:16:07.190
  • there's actually a conflict.
  • 00:16:07.190 --> 00:16:09.080
  • The men are captured and so the Indians take them back
  • 00:16:09.080 --> 00:16:12.040
  • to the village.
  • 00:16:12.040 --> 00:16:13.180
  • All the men are killed except Captain John Smith.
  • 00:16:13.180 --> 00:16:15.220
  • So they roll these large stones, and actually, he records
  • 00:16:15.220 --> 00:16:19.180
  • that on one of the large stones they made him lean over,
  • 00:16:19.180 --> 00:16:22.080
  • they put his head on the stone, they brought out
  • 00:16:22.080 --> 00:16:23.250
  • a second stone, and they were going to crush his skull.
  • 00:16:23.250 --> 00:16:26.070
  • At this time, there was a young Indian girl who ran over,
  • 00:16:26.070 --> 00:16:29.040
  • and she laid her head on top of his head so that his head
  • 00:16:29.040 --> 00:16:32.210
  • would not be crushed by the stones.
  • 00:16:32.210 --> 00:16:34.270
  • That young Indian girl was Pocahontas.
  • 00:16:34.270 --> 00:16:36.190
  • Pocahontas saved his life.
  • 00:16:36.190 --> 00:16:38.110
  • - And by the way, at that time, she's about 11 years old,
  • 00:16:38.110 --> 00:16:41.120
  • somewhere in that 11 to 12 range.
  • 00:16:41.120 --> 00:16:43.160
  • And she's not just any young Indian girl, she's actually
  • 00:16:43.160 --> 00:16:47.050
  • the favorite daughter of the Chief of the tribe.
  • 00:16:47.050 --> 00:16:50.180
  • So not only does she save a life, the King,
  • 00:16:50.180 --> 00:16:53.240
  • because it's his favorite daughter, says, okay,
  • 00:16:53.240 --> 00:16:56.050
  • let's adopt you into the tribe.
  • 00:16:56.050 --> 00:16:57.270
  • It essentially creates an early peace treaty.
  • 00:16:57.270 --> 00:17:01.010
  • - So he gets to come back to where his men are,
  • 00:17:01.010 --> 00:17:03.090
  • but when he comes back, he realizes they're actually
  • 00:17:03.090 --> 00:17:06.030
  • really short on rations and food and they're not going
  • 00:17:06.030 --> 00:17:08.100
  • to survive without some help.
  • 00:17:08.100 --> 00:17:09.260
  • - And actually, they shouldn't have been running
  • 00:17:09.260 --> 00:17:11.190
  • short on food.
  • 00:17:11.190 --> 00:17:12.270
  • They got here in that April, May timeframe,
  • 00:17:12.270 --> 00:17:14.160
  • which gave them plenty of time to be able to plant crops,
  • 00:17:14.160 --> 00:17:17.050
  • and harvest, and hunt and fish, and do all this stuff
  • 00:17:17.050 --> 00:17:19.240
  • they needed, but we find out these guys don't like
  • 00:17:19.240 --> 00:17:22.080
  • hard work very much.
  • 00:17:22.080 --> 00:17:23.220
  • And, low and behold, a solution arrives, and it's Pocahontas
  • 00:17:23.220 --> 00:17:27.220
  • bringing food from Powhatan being brought by Indian braves.
  • 00:17:27.220 --> 00:17:31.220
  • They come and share their food with the settlers here
  • 00:17:31.220 --> 00:17:33.290
  • and that gets them through that very tough first winter.
  • 00:17:33.290 --> 00:17:36.020
  • - They actually had pretty good relations.
  • 00:17:36.020 --> 00:17:37.100
  • Pocahontas was largely responsible,
  • 00:17:37.100 --> 00:17:39.130
  • at least Captain John Smith says that she's the one
  • 00:17:39.130 --> 00:17:41.230
  • we really credit for this.
  • 00:17:41.230 --> 00:17:43.030
  • So every time that they needed help,
  • 00:17:43.030 --> 00:17:44.210
  • they could go to the Indians.
  • 00:17:44.210 --> 00:17:46.060
  • The Indians would send help, and every time a messenger
  • 00:17:46.060 --> 00:17:48.210
  • came, a delegation came, food came from the Indians,
  • 00:17:48.210 --> 00:17:50.200
  • Pocahontas was always with the delegation.
  • 00:17:50.200 --> 00:17:53.020
  • It's okay to ask for help once, but what happened is
  • 00:17:53.020 --> 00:17:57.010
  • they realized that these guys, these Indians,
  • 00:17:57.010 --> 00:18:00.080
  • they're pretty good at getting food.
  • 00:18:00.080 --> 00:18:01.260
  • We're not very good at getting food.
  • 00:18:01.260 --> 00:18:03.050
  • Let's just let them take care of us.
  • 00:18:03.050 --> 00:18:05.090
  • The problem was, the following summer, there was a drought
  • 00:18:05.090 --> 00:18:07.110
  • on the Indian land.
  • 00:18:07.110 --> 00:18:08.220
  • The Indians weren't able to have as much food,
  • 00:18:08.220 --> 00:18:10.120
  • and so when the Jamestown settlers and commoners
  • 00:18:10.120 --> 00:18:13.080
  • were going back saying, we want food, the Indians say,
  • 00:18:13.080 --> 00:18:15.040
  • we really don't have food to give you this time.
  • 00:18:15.040 --> 00:18:17.020
  • Well, that caused some friction because in this socially
  • 00:18:17.020 --> 00:18:20.070
  • lazy mindset that these early colonists had, they thought,
  • 00:18:20.070 --> 00:18:22.040
  • no you owe us food.
  • 00:18:22.040 --> 00:18:23.210
  • So when the Indians told them, we don't have food
  • 00:18:23.210 --> 00:18:25.080
  • to give you, they got very upset.
  • 00:18:25.080 --> 00:18:26.240
  • Well, that started a lot of friction between the Indians
  • 00:18:26.240 --> 00:18:29.060
  • and the settlers, and actually the friction wasn't resolved
  • 00:18:29.060 --> 00:18:32.050
  • quickly or very well.
  • 00:18:32.050 --> 00:18:33.250
  • One of the early governors decided that we need to change
  • 00:18:33.250 --> 00:18:36.020
  • the way we do things, because it's not working.
  • 00:18:36.020 --> 00:18:37.190
  • - Well, one of the easy ways to get food is go get it.
  • 00:18:37.190 --> 00:18:41.040
  • Go work for it.
  • 00:18:41.040 --> 00:18:42.170
  • These guys were so bad that in that second winter,
  • 00:18:42.170 --> 00:18:45.010
  • they went through into what they call the starving time.
  • 00:18:45.010 --> 00:18:47.280
  • And in the starving time, out of 214 colonists
  • 00:18:47.280 --> 00:18:51.010
  • that were here, they all starved to death, except 60,
  • 00:18:51.010 --> 00:18:54.180
  • because they would not work.
  • 00:18:54.180 --> 00:18:56.240
  • And that's when Captain John Smith says,
  • 00:18:56.240 --> 00:18:59.090
  • got a good Bible verse for you guys.
  • 00:18:59.090 --> 00:19:01.120
  • The Bible says, if you don't work, you don't eat.
  • 00:19:01.120 --> 00:19:04.160
  • Well, that was what they implemented as a policy,
  • 00:19:04.160 --> 00:19:06.130
  • but these guys really didn't like that.
  • 00:19:06.130 --> 00:19:08.060
  • They fought that.
  • 00:19:08.060 --> 00:19:09.040
  • They'd oppose that.
  • 00:19:09.040 --> 00:19:10.170
  • So in 1608, John Smith actually writes a narrative
  • 00:19:10.170 --> 00:19:13.220
  • of what's going on here, and that's where we get a lot
  • 00:19:13.220 --> 00:19:15.230
  • of the records to know what happened.
  • 00:19:15.230 --> 00:19:17.090
  • John Smith is trying to do some of the right things,
  • 00:19:17.090 --> 00:19:19.080
  • to get these guys to work, and get them to provide
  • 00:19:19.080 --> 00:19:21.160
  • their own living.
  • 00:19:21.160 --> 00:19:23.010
  • And so now there's a lot of tensions with the Indians,
  • 00:19:23.010 --> 00:19:25.060
  • because they're demanding this stuff, and there's a lot
  • 00:19:25.060 --> 00:19:27.040
  • of tensions with these guys that he's trying to kick
  • 00:19:27.040 --> 00:19:29.080
  • into gear and get them to do something.
  • 00:19:29.080 --> 00:19:31.060
  • A mysterious explosion happens, and he gets blown up
  • 00:19:31.060 --> 00:19:35.130
  • with some gun powder, could've been accidental.
  • 00:19:35.130 --> 00:19:37.140
  • A lot think it was because these guys wanted him gone,
  • 00:19:37.140 --> 00:19:40.110
  • because he's trying to make them do something they didn't
  • 00:19:40.110 --> 00:19:41.290
  • want to do.
  • 00:19:41.290 --> 00:19:43.130
  • So John Smith ends up leaving and going back to England
  • 00:19:43.130 --> 00:19:46.210
  • for medical care.
  • 00:19:46.210 --> 00:19:48.050
  • And that's the last time Pocahontas came into Jamestown
  • 00:19:48.050 --> 00:19:51.070
  • for a number of years.
  • 00:19:51.070 --> 00:19:52.210
  • And that actually escalates into a war.
  • 00:19:52.210 --> 00:19:55.060
  • In 1609, there was a war called the Anglo-Powhatan War.
  • 00:19:55.060 --> 00:19:58.230
  • Powhatan was the general tribe of Indians,
  • 00:19:58.230 --> 00:20:01.180
  • and that went for the next five years.
  • 00:20:01.180 --> 00:20:03.110
  • - In the midst of the conflict, this war that's been
  • 00:20:03.110 --> 00:20:05.000
  • going on for these several years, they've lost several men,
  • 00:20:05.000 --> 00:20:08.180
  • but not only have men been killed, there've been a lot
  • 00:20:08.180 --> 00:20:11.040
  • of people that have been captured.
  • 00:20:11.040 --> 00:20:12.120
  • The governor at the time is trying to figure out
  • 00:20:12.120 --> 00:20:13.270
  • what can we do to help get our men, our supplies back.
  • 00:20:13.270 --> 00:20:17.150
  • And so he comes up with this idea of Pocahontas has always
  • 00:20:17.150 --> 00:20:20.240
  • been a friend to us.
  • 00:20:20.240 --> 00:20:22.100
  • They go to the Chief, and they explain to the Chief
  • 00:20:22.100 --> 00:20:24.240
  • that we want you to bring Pocahontas,
  • 00:20:24.240 --> 00:20:27.120
  • and we will have good relations with you.
  • 00:20:27.120 --> 00:20:29.280
  • We'll give you stuff, and if you don't,
  • 00:20:29.280 --> 00:20:31.110
  • it might mean war with you.
  • 00:20:31.110 --> 00:20:32.240
  • And so, there was some coercion involved in this scenario,
  • 00:20:32.240 --> 00:20:35.080
  • but the Chief agrees.
  • 00:20:35.080 --> 00:20:36.150
  • So the Chief and the wife bring Pocahontas
  • 00:20:36.150 --> 00:20:38.170
  • over to Jamestown.
  • 00:20:38.170 --> 00:20:40.210
  • They actually get her to board a ship.
  • 00:20:40.210 --> 00:20:42.230
  • The governor at the time says, no,
  • 00:20:42.230 --> 00:20:44.070
  • we just want to give you a feast.
  • 00:20:44.070 --> 00:20:45.150
  • We want to honor you.
  • 00:20:45.150 --> 00:20:46.100
  • We want to feed you.
  • 00:20:46.100 --> 00:20:47.230
  • Kind of builds up this scenario.
  • 00:20:47.230 --> 00:20:49.140
  • Well, at the end of the dinner, he tells the Chief
  • 00:20:49.140 --> 00:20:52.010
  • and the wife, you are free to go, but Pocahontas,
  • 00:20:52.010 --> 00:20:54.260
  • you're going to stay with us until your father releases
  • 00:20:54.260 --> 00:20:57.280
  • all the prisoners, until he gives us back our stuff.
  • 00:20:57.280 --> 00:21:00.120
  • So she was kidnapped at that point.
  • 00:21:00.120 --> 00:21:03.100
  • - And as they hold her here in Jamestown and she's living
  • 00:21:03.100 --> 00:21:05.140
  • among the English, there really are some good
  • 00:21:05.140 --> 00:21:07.030
  • English folks here.
  • 00:21:07.030 --> 00:21:08.180
  • She gets introduced to the Reverend Alexander Whittaker,
  • 00:21:08.180 --> 00:21:10.200
  • who pastors the church right here beside us.
  • 00:21:10.200 --> 00:21:13.020
  • He starts teaching her English and helps her learn to read.
  • 00:21:13.020 --> 00:21:16.080
  • She takes the Bible and learns to read from the Bible,
  • 00:21:16.080 --> 00:21:19.100
  • learns about Christianity and the Christian faith,
  • 00:21:19.100 --> 00:21:21.170
  • and meets a guy named John Rolfe.
  • 00:21:21.170 --> 00:21:23.220
  • - And remember, she is the favorite daughter of the Chief,
  • 00:21:23.220 --> 00:21:26.070
  • who is the big chief of the tribe, and this time she's
  • 00:21:26.070 --> 00:21:30.020
  • eligible for marriage.
  • 00:21:30.020 --> 00:21:31.170
  • And John Rolfe lost his family when they came over
  • 00:21:31.170 --> 00:21:34.060
  • on the ship, his children and wife died, and he's a widower.
  • 00:21:34.060 --> 00:21:36.230
  • The two fall in love.
  • 00:21:36.230 --> 00:21:38.270
  • Actually gets her father's blessing.
  • 00:21:38.270 --> 00:21:40.120
  • The father sends several members of the tribe to go
  • 00:21:40.120 --> 00:21:43.050
  • be part of the wedding ceremony.
  • 00:21:43.050 --> 00:21:45.080
  • So she actually ends up marrying John Rolfe,
  • 00:21:45.080 --> 00:21:47.230
  • and before she marries John Rolfe, converts to Christianity
  • 00:21:47.230 --> 00:21:50.220
  • because at that time, here in the Colonies,
  • 00:21:50.220 --> 00:21:53.170
  • they wouldn't let somebody as a Christian marry somebody
  • 00:21:53.170 --> 00:21:55.150
  • who wasn't a Christian.
  • 00:21:55.150 --> 00:21:56.290
  • There's a very famous painting hanging in the US Capitol
  • 00:21:56.290 --> 00:21:58.190
  • of her baptism, and it actually kind of depicts that moment
  • 00:21:58.190 --> 00:22:01.210
  • when she is officially converted to Christianity.
  • 00:22:01.210 --> 00:22:04.050
  • She actually then has the name Rebecca for the rest
  • 00:22:04.050 --> 00:22:06.230
  • of her life, when she's introduced to the English court.
  • 00:22:06.230 --> 00:22:08.250
  • And then they live here rather happily
  • 00:22:08.250 --> 00:22:11.010
  • for the next several years.
  • 00:22:11.010 --> 00:22:12.150
  • - With that marriage, it brought about what they call
  • 00:22:12.150 --> 00:22:15.030
  • the peace of Pocahontas.
  • 00:22:15.030 --> 00:22:17.000
  • With that marriage, the war ended.
  • 00:22:17.000 --> 00:22:19.040
  • And so John Rolfe and Pocahontas live here,
  • 00:22:19.040 --> 00:22:22.150
  • and the next year they have a child.
  • 00:22:22.150 --> 00:22:24.070
  • His name was Thomas.
  • 00:22:24.070 --> 00:22:25.220
  • And the next year, they've been married two years,
  • 00:22:25.220 --> 00:22:27.290
  • John Rolfe says, let's go back to England.
  • 00:22:27.290 --> 00:22:30.120
  • While they're in England, they actually get introduced
  • 00:22:30.120 --> 00:22:33.070
  • to King James and Queen Anne.
  • 00:22:33.070 --> 00:22:35.120
  • They're taken to the Royal Court, and there at the
  • 00:22:35.120 --> 00:22:37.290
  • Royal Court, and there's great pictures done in 1616
  • 00:22:37.290 --> 00:22:40.150
  • actually showing her in her royal attire and royal garb
  • 00:22:40.150 --> 00:22:44.270
  • there at the Royal Court.
  • 00:22:44.270 --> 00:22:46.270
  • They get ready to come back to America.
  • 00:22:46.270 --> 00:22:48.280
  • As they come back, she gets sick just as
  • 00:22:48.280 --> 00:22:51.030
  • they're leaving England.
  • 00:22:51.030 --> 00:22:52.100
  • So they go ashore.
  • 00:22:52.100 --> 00:22:53.170
  • She ends up dying in England and is buried
  • 00:22:53.170 --> 00:22:55.280
  • in a church yard there.
  • 00:22:55.280 --> 00:22:57.180
  • But John came back with young Thomas.
  • 00:22:57.180 --> 00:23:00.130
  • And Thomas grew up here.
  • 00:23:00.130 --> 00:23:01.280
  • So to this day, the descendants of Pocahontas still live,
  • 00:23:01.280 --> 00:23:05.060
  • even though she died at a very young age.
  • 00:23:05.060 --> 00:23:07.160
  • She was about 21 at the time, 21, 22.
  • 00:23:07.160 --> 00:23:10.200
  • She started something that has gone on and produced
  • 00:23:10.200 --> 00:23:13.110
  • great leaders across America.
  • 00:23:13.110 --> 00:23:15.030
  • Had it not been for Pocahontas, there would've been
  • 00:23:15.030 --> 00:23:18.000
  • no permanent Jamestown Colony.
  • 00:23:18.000 --> 00:23:19.260
  • She saved not only John Smith, but she saved the colony.
  • 00:23:19.260 --> 00:23:23.130
  • And so it's because of Pocahontas that we have the first
  • 00:23:23.130 --> 00:23:25.220
  • permanent English colony in America.
  • 00:23:25.220 --> 00:23:27.180
  • - And there have been dozens of movies
  • 00:23:27.180 --> 00:23:28.250
  • that have been done about Pocahontas.
  • 00:23:28.250 --> 00:23:30.090
  • Her story's been told countless times, although,
  • 00:23:30.090 --> 00:23:32.270
  • very few times has it been from a historical standpoint.
  • 00:23:32.270 --> 00:23:36.030
  • Most people have heard the name Pocahontas, but few know
  • 00:23:36.030 --> 00:23:39.000
  • her story and how much she's responsible for so much success
  • 00:23:39.000 --> 00:23:42.150
  • of the Jamestown Colony, and even Virginia as a whole.
  • 00:23:42.150 --> 00:23:45.180
  • Even though we might know her name, we don't know very much
  • 00:23:45.180 --> 00:23:48.290
  • of this hero of hidden history.
  • 00:23:48.290 --> 00:23:51.000
  • (jazzy music)
  • 00:23:52.060 --> 00:23:54.210
  • - So I'm here at the Wallbuilders Collection,
  • 00:23:57.030 --> 00:23:58.160
  • going through the archives, finding some artifacts
  • 00:23:58.160 --> 00:24:00.180
  • about the life of Pocahontas.
  • 00:24:00.180 --> 00:24:02.150
  • I've got one right here.
  • 00:24:02.150 --> 00:24:04.010
  • This is an early engraving of Pocahontas interposing
  • 00:24:04.010 --> 00:24:07.040
  • and saving the life of Captain Smith.
  • 00:24:07.040 --> 00:24:09.170
  • So as we look, we see Smith right there.
  • 00:24:09.170 --> 00:24:11.090
  • And what's really cool about this, is that they would've
  • 00:24:11.090 --> 00:24:13.130
  • printed this as an engraving and then somebody afterwards
  • 00:24:13.130 --> 00:24:16.220
  • went in by hand and hand colored it and painted on top
  • 00:24:16.220 --> 00:24:20.030
  • of the engraving.
  • 00:24:20.030 --> 00:24:21.100
  • But what I also have is the government records
  • 00:24:21.100 --> 00:24:24.070
  • of the painting of Pocahontas, the baptism of Pocahontas
  • 00:24:24.070 --> 00:24:27.220
  • up in the capitol.
  • 00:24:27.220 --> 00:24:29.000
  • And actually, one of his quotes are here
  • 00:24:29.000 --> 00:24:30.220
  • in the book about Pocahontas.
  • 00:24:30.220 --> 00:24:33.060
  • Reverend Whittaker says, "She openly renounced her country
  • 00:24:33.060 --> 00:24:35.220
  • "idolatry, professed the faith of Jesus Christ,
  • 00:24:35.220 --> 00:24:38.140
  • "and was baptized."
  • 00:24:38.140 --> 00:24:39.280
  • And it's also got a quote here by Captain Smith.
  • 00:24:39.280 --> 00:24:41.290
  • He goes on to say that she was "the first Christian ever
  • 00:24:41.290 --> 00:24:45.050
  • "of that nation."
  • 00:24:45.050 --> 00:24:46.190
  • I think it's amazing that somebody like Pocahontas today
  • 00:24:46.190 --> 00:24:49.220
  • and the capital of America is considered so important,
  • 00:24:49.220 --> 00:24:52.190
  • so monumental that we respect her by having
  • 00:24:52.190 --> 00:24:54.250
  • a massive painting, documenting this monumental moment
  • 00:24:54.250 --> 00:24:58.060
  • in her life.
  • 00:24:58.060 --> 00:24:59.250
  • (gentle music)
  • 00:24:59.250 --> 00:25:02.150
  • - What I like about the story of Pocahontas and Squanto,
  • 00:25:05.010 --> 00:25:08.020
  • is they really kind of break the mold of the way that
  • 00:25:08.020 --> 00:25:10.130
  • so many people go at history today.
  • 00:25:10.130 --> 00:25:12.000
  • That the group you're from is more important
  • 00:25:12.000 --> 00:25:13.220
  • than the individual.
  • 00:25:13.220 --> 00:25:14.290
  • But what we know from all the stories we cover
  • 00:25:14.290 --> 00:25:17.060
  • at the America's Hidden History, individuals are
  • 00:25:17.060 --> 00:25:19.000
  • more important than groups.
  • 00:25:19.000 --> 00:25:20.110
  • And individuals don't necessarily fit
  • 00:25:20.110 --> 00:25:22.040
  • the profiles of groups.
  • 00:25:22.040 --> 00:25:23.130
  • It's very different sometimes.
  • 00:25:23.130 --> 00:25:24.280
  • - Well, and even to say individuals are more important
  • 00:25:24.280 --> 00:25:26.110
  • than groups, individual stories take precedence sometimes
  • 00:25:26.110 --> 00:25:29.100
  • to a group generalization
  • 00:25:29.100 --> 00:25:30.230
  • - That's right. - Or dynamic.
  • 00:25:30.230 --> 00:25:32.040
  • Looking at America and thinking that America's a story
  • 00:25:32.040 --> 00:25:33.270
  • of white people coming in from Europe is a really
  • 00:25:33.270 --> 00:25:36.030
  • incomplete picture, because had it not been for Pocahontas,
  • 00:25:36.030 --> 00:25:40.090
  • Jamestown would not have been Jamestown.
  • 00:25:40.090 --> 00:25:42.110
  • Had it not been for Squanto, the Wampanoag Indians,
  • 00:25:42.110 --> 00:25:45.150
  • Plymouth would not have been Plymouth,
  • 00:25:45.150 --> 00:25:46.290
  • and this is where you cannot fully tell the story of America
  • 00:25:46.290 --> 00:25:49.230
  • without recognizing some of these heroes who oftentimes
  • 00:25:49.230 --> 00:25:53.280
  • looking at the group, we have Native Americans in this image
  • 00:25:53.280 --> 00:25:56.100
  • of well, they were farmers, or they were friendly,
  • 00:25:56.100 --> 00:25:59.040
  • or they were warriors and they were conquerors
  • 00:25:59.040 --> 00:26:02.120
  • and they were vicious.
  • 00:26:02.120 --> 00:26:03.200
  • We talk about it at Thanksgiving, right?
  • 00:26:03.200 --> 00:26:05.060
  • We remember the Pilgrims and the Indians, but there were
  • 00:26:05.060 --> 00:26:07.250
  • specific Indians to your point.
  • 00:26:07.250 --> 00:26:09.190
  • It's the story of specific individuals.
  • 00:26:09.190 --> 00:26:12.000
  • - Yeah, and this is a great lesson that generalizations
  • 00:26:12.000 --> 00:26:15.070
  • of history, which is what we so often focus on today,
  • 00:26:15.070 --> 00:26:18.080
  • are not always accurate.
  • 00:26:18.080 --> 00:26:19.230
  • And Squanto and Pocahontas make that really clear.
  • 00:26:19.230 --> 00:26:23.200
  • (dramatic music)
  • 00:26:23.200 --> 00:26:26.130
  • - [Announcer] We hope you're enjoying TBN's exclusive series
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  • America's Hidden History.
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  • Thrilling stories of ordinary and unsung Americans,
  • 00:26:34.150 --> 00:26:37.170
  • whom God used in extraordinary ways to shape our nation.
  • 00:26:37.170 --> 00:26:40.290
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